Daniel's 70 Weeks - The Key to OT Prophecy
20 And while I was speaking, and praying, and confessing my sin and the sin of my people Israel, and presenting my supplication before Jehovah my God for the holy mountain of my God;
21 yea, while I was speaking in prayer, the man Gabriel, whom I had seen in the vision at the beginning, being caused to fly swiftly, touched me about the time of the evening oblation.
22 And he instructed me, and talked with me, and said, O Daniel, I am now come forth to give thee wisdom and understanding.
23 At the beginning of thy supplications the commandment went forth, and I am come to tell thee; for thou art greatly beloved: therefore consider the matter, and understand the vision.
24 Seventy weeks are decreed upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most holy.
25 Know therefore and discern, that from the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the anointed one, the prince, shall be seven weeks, and threescore and two weeks: it shall be built again, with street and moat, even in troublous times.
26 And after the threescore and two weeks shall the anointed one be cut off, and shall have nothing: and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; and the end thereof shall be with a flood, and even unto the end shall be war; desolations are determined.
27 And he shall make a firm covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease; and upon the wing of abominations shall come one that maketh desolate; and even unto the full end, and that determined, shall wrath be poured out upon the desolate.
Hos 1:9 Then said [God], Call his name Loammi: for ye [are] not my people , and I will not be your [God].
10 Yet the number of the children of Israel shall be as the sand of the sea, which cannot be measured nor numbered; and it shall come to pass, [that] in the place where it was said unto them, Ye [are] not my people , [there] it shall be said unto them, [Ye are] the sons of the living God.
2:23 And I will sow her unto me in the earth; and I will have mercy upon her that had not obtained mercy; and I will say to [them which were] not my people , Thou [art] my people ; and they shall say, [Thou art] my God.
3:4 For the children of Israel shall abide many days without a king, and without a prince, and without a sacrifice, and without an image, and without an ephod, and [ without ] teraphim:
5 Afterward shall the children of Israel return, and seek the LORD their God, and David their king; and shall fear the LORD and his goodness in the latter days.
6:1 Come, and let us return unto the LORD: for he hath torn, and he will heal us; he hath smitten, and he will bind us up.
2 After two days will he revive us: in the third day he will raise us up, and we shall live in his sight.
3 Then shall we know, [if] we follow on to know the LORD: his going forth is prepared as the morning; and he shall come unto us as the rain, as the latter [and] former rain unto the earth.
2 Pet 3:8 But do not let this one thing escape you, beloved, that with the Lord one day is like a thousand years and a thousand years like one day .
Psalm 90:4 For a thousand years in thy sight [are but] as yesterday when it is past, and [as] a watch in the night.
Psalm 22:22 I will declare Thy name unto my brethren: in the midst of the congregation will I praise Thee.
22:30 A seed shall serve Him; it shall be accounted to the Lord for a generation. 31 They shall come, and shall declare His righteousness unto a people that shall be born, that He hath done [this].
And it shall come to pass afterwards that
I will pour out my Spirit upon all flesh; and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, your old men shall dream dreams, your young men shall see visions. 29 Yea, even upon the bondmen and upon the handmaids in those days will I pour out my Spirit. 30 And I will shew wonders in the heavens and on the earth, blood, and fire, and pillars of smoke. 31 The sun shall be changed to darkness, and the moon to blood, before the great and terrible day of Jehovah come. 32 And it shall be that whosoever shall call upon the name of Jehovah shall be saved: for in mount Zion and in Jerusalem shall be deliverance, as Jehovah hath said, and for the residue whom Jehovah shall call.
And He shall say, I [am] no prophet, I [am] a servant of the ground; for
I have been made to purchase mankind from My youth.
6 And they shall say unto Him, What [are] these wounds in Thine hands? Then He shall answer, [Those] with which I was wounded [in] the house of those zealous after Me.
Awake, O sword, against My Shepherd, and against the Man [that is] my equal, saith the LORD of hosts: smite the Shepherd,
and the sheep shall be scattered:
and I will turn My hand upon the last ones. 8 And it shall come to pass, [that] in all the earth, saith the LORD, two parts therein shall be cut off [and] die; but the third shall be left therein. 9 And I will bring the third part through the fire, and will refine them as silver is refined, and will try them as gold is tried: they shall call on My name, and I will hear them: I will say, It [is] My people: and they shall say, The LORD [is] my God.
Each week is 7 years. The 70 weeks are 70 x 7 years = 490 years, which are the time apportioned to Daniel's people, Israel. The 1st 69 weeks end with the cutting off of the Messiah. Then there is a indefinite gap of time not included in the 70 weeks, and thus not apportioned to Israel, followed by the 70th week.
Except for 1 generation (~40 years) after Christ's death and resurrection, and probably 1 generation before the Lord's return, the Old Testament does not see the church age. Old Testament prophecy skips over the church age. This ~2,000 year gap is in almost every prophecy of Christ in the Old Testament. Thus, you will not find in the Old Testament such major events in world history as: the fall of Rome, the dark ages, the renaisance-reformation, the discovery of America, or World Wars I and II. Nor will you find the major events in Jewish history during the church age: the Spanish Inquisition, the Holocaust, the rebirth of the nation of Israel, the 1967 6-Day War. From the destruction of the Temple at Jerusalem in 70 A.D. until, I believe, the Gulf War in 1991
, no event was specifically prophesied in the Old Testament.
There is a general mention of this 2,000 year period in the Old Testament. Hosea prophesies of a time when God will temporarily say that Israel is not His people (Hos 1:9-10;2:23).
He says that this time will be long, lasting until the "latter days (Hos 3:4-5)
. Hosea even says that it will last 2 days (Hos 6:1-2)
, which is a figure for 2,000 years (2 Pet 3:8; Ps 90:4)
Regarding the church, the Old Testament foretells the birth of the church at the Lord's resurrection (Ps 22:22,30-31) and the pouring out of the Spirit at Pentecost (Joel 2:28-29) , but then no direct words until just before the Lord's return
(Zech 13:7b-9). There are however many types and figures of the church such as Eve, Israel, Zion, the tabernacle, lampstand, and temple, but these are different than direct words. For example Genesis tells how Eve was builded from Adam. There was a real Eve and a real Adam. This word speaks directly about the creation of Eve. But also, Adam is a type of Christ, and Eve is a type of the church, showing that only that which comes out of Christ can be Christ's bride to match Christ.