Psalm 17 - Hear the right, O Lord
This is the 1st prayer, or in Hebrew, tefilla, Psalm. The other 4 are 86, 90, 102 & 142. Three are of David: 17, 86, 142. Ps 90 is of Moses. Ps 102 is anonymous.
This psalm is entirely prayer. This psalm is 100% addressed to the Lord, not to man. The previous Psalm 16 contains only one request, which is in the 1st verse. This Psalm is mostly requests of the Lord.
- "Hear the right" refers to whoever is right, whether me or my enemies or someone else. If my enemy is right, answer his prayer, and if I am not right, do not answer mine.
The word "song", rinnah
, usually means a joyful song. (Ps 30:5; 42:4; 47:1 ...
). But there are a few places where, from the context, it must be something out of grief (Ps 88:2; 106:44; 142:6; Jer 14:12
). To cover all its uses, I think rinnah
should mean a song sung in such a way as the singer is beside himself. Usually this is a song of great joy, but it could also be of great anguish.
The Lord hears a song as He would a prayer. A prayer in the form of a song makes it easier for us to release our spirit, be released from ourselves, calm our mind and consider every word. I find that I need a combination of both singing and talking to connect with the Lord. Singing it sometimes does not engage my mind. Then when I just say it as a prayer to the Lord, I connect with the Lord.
- As in v1, "things that are upright" refers to anyone's upright matters, whether mine or mine enemies. Upright refers to walking straight, the opposite of hypocrisy.
- KJV and NAS translate the last part of the verse as "I have purposed that my mouth shall not transgress." The word "transgress" is not there in the Hebrew. I agree with Young's Literal, Green's Literal, and Jubilee 2000 translations.
"You have examined me and find nothing" does not mean that I do not have evil thoughts, but that I don't agree with them, and do not speak them, much less act on them.
- The Lord's word to us should be the "word of Your lips". They are like the Lord's kiss. We should not be related to the Word like the Pharisees who searched the Scriptures yet did not have the Word abiding in them (John 5:38-40
The word of the Lord's lips restricts us from doing unto others as they have done to us.
Besides the Lord's word, we also need the Lord Himself to uphold our goings. Since we have the word of His lips and His upholding our goings, we should have "goings". Go out to visit others with the Lord. Pray for this.
Many psalms have a verse like this. Why have I called on You, God? Because You really answer me. We need to remind ourselves of this when we pray.
Do I really want God to incline His ear to me and hear what I say? Or do I know I am speaking nonsense? If I ask God to incline His ear toward me to hear what I say, I better mean what I say. That is why it is good to pray the words of the Bible.
I love this verse. The Lord's mercy goes beyond our understanding, so it is "wondrous". We should pray for this. His "right hand" means it is not just something the Lord does for us, but for His own great purpose.
Except for Young's Literal, most translations translate the 2nd part of v7 as "You who save those who trust in You
from those who rise up against them
." The phrases "in You
" and "against them
" are not in the Hebrew text. I think the meaning here is just "those who trust" and "those who rise up". We need to be those who trust one another (Matt 5:42; Ps 37:21; 1 Cor 13:7
). If we don't trust eachother, our love has grown cold (Matt 24:12
). But it is also easy for ambitious ones to take advantage. It is not that they rise up against us
, but they just rise up and use others for their advantage.
I think President Ronald Reagan was such a trusting person. His wife protected him. He was a great President, and she may have been the greatest first lady.
- This is my favorite verse in this Psalm. If we trust as in v7, then we need the Lord to protect us as the most tender part, the pupil of the eye. Then we can function as the eye in the Body of Christ to see the Lord (v15
The phrase "apple of the eye" refers to the pupil of the eye. This phrase is used 5 times by KJV (Deut 32:10; Prov 7:2; Lam 2:18; Zech 2:8)
. This verse is the only one where the Hebrew uses both the word for pupil and also says "daughter" of the eye. This shows the tenderness.
- This probably refers to 1 Sam 23:19-24:22 when David was constantly being hunted and surrounded by Saul. In particular, 1 Sam 23:26-28
shows David and his followers being surrounded by Saul, and the Lord answered David's prayer in v13
of this Psalm. 1 Sam 24:3-7
shows David's tender conscience to the Lord as in vv 7-8
of this psalm.
These verses are written in a general way so that we can apply the prayers to today's situation. As I write this it is October, 2016. There are many mouths speaking very arrogantly against God, His Word and Christians. It seems they have surrounded us and are going to take over all branches of the government. They plot secret dishonest strategies.
The Lord uses David's enemies for His purpose to prove David and eventually transform David to His likeness (v15
). David knows that these wicked ones are the Lord's sword and the Lord's hand upon him. When we know this, we are not angry and hateful against those who do us wrong.
Our portion is not in this life. Do not admire those who have much in this life, nor despise those who are not successful. For children to have all they desire is a curse, not a blessing. They leave their abundance to their children, and the children waste it and use it to corrupt themselves.
If I am not today all that I hope to be, yet I see Jesus, and that assures me that I shall one day be like Him. - Charles Spurgeon
copyright 2016 voiceinwilderness.info
Psalm 17 a prayer through David
Hear the right, O Lord. To my song attend.
Give ear to my unfeigned entreaty. (1.1)
Let my judgment come forth from Your presence.
Things that are upright, let Your eyes see.
You have proved my heart, You have visited
in the night; You have examined me.
You're finding nothing. That which I have thought,
out from my mouth, it shall not proceed.
As for men's works, by the word of Your lips,
I'm kept from the paths of the violent.
Uphold my goings that my feet don't slip
from Your pathways that You Yourself went.
I have called on You, for You answer me.
Incline Your ear (6.1)
, God. Hear what I say.
Show wondrously Your right hand of mercy.
Save those who trust from those who self-raise. (7.1)
Keep me as the apple, as
of the most tender part of the eye.
Hide me under the shadow of Your wings
wicked who oppress such as I
My soul's enemies, who encompass me,
10 they are enclosed in their own rich fat.
With their great mouths, they speak arrogantly.
11 They have now compassed us in our tracks.
They have set their eyes to cast us to earth,
12 like a lion greedy of his prey,
like a young lion, lurking in secret.
Arise, O Lord, put him in dismay.
Do overthrow them; deliver my soul,
from the lawless ones, who are Your sword,
14 from men who're Your hand, O Lord, from men who
are of this world, who have their reward.
You fill their belly with Your hid treasure,
they are satisfied with many sons.
Their children have all that they desire,
and they leave for them their abundance.
As for me, I am beholding Your face,
not shamed nor fearful in righteousness.
I will be satisfied when I awake,
beholding You, having Your likeness.
1.1 - lit. Give ear to my prayer that goes not out of feigned lips
6.1 - lit. God, Incline your ear to me. Hear what I say.
- lit. Show wondrously Your mercy by Your right hand, You who save those who trust from those who rise up.
Psalms 30:5 For a moment is passed in his anger, a life in his favor; at even weeping cometh for the night, and at morn there is rejoicing.
Psalms 42:4 These things I remember and have poured out my soul within me: how I passed along with the multitude, how I went on with them to the house of God, with the voice of joy and praise, a festive multitude.
Psalms 47:1 All ye peoples, clap your hands; shout unto God with the voice of triumph!
Psalms 105:43 And he brought forth his people with gladness, his chosen with rejoicing;
Psalms 107:22 And let them offer the sacrifices of thanksgiving, and declare his works in joyful song.
Psalms 118:15 The voice of triumph and salvation is in the tents of the righteous: the right hand of Jehovah doeth valiantly;
Psalms 126:2 Then was our mouth filled with laughter, and our tongue with rejoicing: then said they among the nations, Jehovah hath done great things for them.
Psalms 126:5 They that sow in tears shall reap with rejoicing:
Psalms 126:6 He goes forth and weeps, bearing seed for scattering; he cometh again with rejoicing, bearing his sheaves.
Proverbs 11:10 When it goes well with the righteous, the city rejoices; and when the wicked perish, there is shouting.
Isaiah 14:7 The whole earth is at rest, is quiet: they break forth into singing.
Isaiah 35:10 And the ransomed of Jehovah shall return, and come to Zion with singing; and everlasting joy shall be upon their heads: they shall obtain gladness and joy, and sorrow and sighing shall flee away.
Isaiah 44:23 Sing, ye heavens; for Jehovah hath done it: shout, ye lower parts of the earth; break forth into singing, ye mountains, the forest, and every tree therein! For Jehovah hath redeemed Jacob, and glorified himself in Israel.
Isaiah 48:20 Go ye forth from Babylon, flee from the Chaldeans, with a voice of singing; declare, cause this to be heard, utter it to the end of the earth; say ye, Jehovah hath redeemed his servant Jacob.
Isaiah 49:13 Shout, ye heavens; and be joyful, thou earth; and break forth into singing, ye mountains: for Jehovah hath comforted his people, and will have mercy upon his afflicted ones.
Isaiah 51:11 So the ransomed of Jehovah shall return, and come to Zion with singing; and everlasting joy shall be upon their heads: they shall obtain gladness and joy; sorrow and sighing shall flee away.
Isaiah 54:1 Exult, thou barren, that didst not bear; break forth into singing, and shout for joy, thou that didst not travail with child: for more are the children of the desolate than the children of the married wife, saith Jehovah.
Isaiah 55:12 For ye shall go out with joy, and be led forth with peace; the mountains and the hills shall break forth before you into singing, and all the trees of the field shall clap their hands.
Zephaniah 3:17 Jehovah thy God is in thy midst, a mighty one that will save: he will rejoice over thee with joy; he will rest in his love; he will exult over thee with singing.
Psalm 88:2 Let my prayer come before thee; incline thine ear unto my cry. 3 For my soul is full of troubles, and my life draweth nigh to Sheol.
Psalms 106:44 But he regarded their distress, when he heard their cry;
Psalms 142:6 Attend unto my cry, for I am brought very low; deliver me from my persecutors, for they are stronger than I.
Jeremiah 14:12 When they fast, I will not hear their cry; and when they offer up burnt-offering and oblation, I will not accept them: for I will consume them by sword, and by famine, and by pestilence.
John 5:38 And ye have not his word abiding in you: for whom he sent, him ye believe not.
39 Ye search the scriptures, because ye think that in them ye have eternal life; and these are they which bear witness of me;
40 and ye will not come to me, that ye may have life.
Matthew 5:42 To him that asks of thee give, and from him that desires to borrow of thee turn not away.
Psalm 37:21 The wicked borrows, and does not repay; but the righteous is gracious and gives.
1 Cor 13:7 Love bears all things, believes all things, hopes all things, endures all things.
Matthew 24:12 And because lawlessness shall have been multiplied, the love of the many will grow cold.
Deuteronomy 32:10 He found him in a desert land, And in the waste, howling wilderness; He compassed him about, he watched over him, He preserved him as the apple of his eye.
Proverbs 7:2 Keep my commandments, and live; and my teaching, as the apple of thine eye.
Lamentations 2:18 Their heart cried unto the Lord. O wall of the daughter of Zion, let tears run down like a torrent day and night: give thyself no respite; let not the apple of thine eye rest.
Zechariah 2:8 For thus saith Jehovah of hosts: After the glory, hath he sent me unto the nations that made you a spoil; for he that toucheth you toucheth the apple of his eye.
1 Sam 23:26 And Saul went on this side of the mountain, and David and his men on that side of the mountain; and David made haste to get away for fear of Saul; for Saul and his men compassed David and his men to take them.
27 But there came a messenger to Saul, saying, Haste thee and come; for the Philistines have made a raid against the land.
28 And Saul returned from pursuing after David, and went against the Philistines; therefore they called that place Sela-hammahlekoth.
1 Sam 24:3 And he came to the sheepfolds by the way, where was a cave; and Saul went in to cover his feet; and David and his men were abiding in the recesses of the cave.
4 And David's men said to him, Behold the day of which Jehovah said to thee, Behold, I will give thine enemy into thy hand, that thou may do to him as it shall seem good to thee. And David arose, and cut off the skirt of Saul's robe secretly.
5 And it came to pass afterwards that David's heart smote him, because he had cut off Saul's skirt.
6 And he said to his men, Jehovah forbid that I should do this thing to my master, Jehovah's anointed, to stretch forth my hand against him, for he is the anointed of Jehovah.
7 And David checked his men with these words, and suffered them not to rise against Saul. And Saul rose up out of the cave, and went on his way.
1 Corinthians 15:49 And as we have borne the image of the earthy, we shall also bear the image of the heavenly.
1 Cor 3:18 But we all, with unveiled face beholding and reflecting as in a mirror the glory of the Lord, are transformed into the same image from glory to glory, even as from the Lord the Spirit.
2 Corinthians 4:6 Seeing it is God, that said, Light shall shine out of darkness, who shined in our hearts, to give the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ.
Romans 8:29 For whom He foreknew, He also foreordained to be conformed to the image of His Son, that He might be the firstborn among many brothers.
Romans 12:2 And be not fashioned according to this world: but be ye transformed by the renewing of your mind, that ye may prove what is the good and acceptable and perfect will of God.
Phil 3:20 For our commonwealth exists in the heavens, from which also we eagerly await a Savior, the Lord Jesus Christ,
21 Who will transfigure the body of our humiliation to be conformed to the body of His glory, according to His operation by which He is able even to subject all things to Himself.
Col 3:10 And have put on the new man, which is being renewed unto full knowledge according to the image of Him who created him
John 11:11 These things spake he: and after this he saith unto them, Our friend Lazarus is fallen asleep; but I go, that I may awake him out of sleep.
Ephesians 5:14 Wherefore He saith, Awake, you that sleeps, and arise from the dead, and Christ shall shine upon you.
Romans 6:5 For if we have grown together with Him in the likeness of His death, indeed we will also be in the likeness of His resurrection.
Phil 3:10 To know Him and the power of His resurrection and the fellowship of His sufferings, being conformed to His death,
11 If perhaps I may attain to the out-resurrection from the dead.
copyright 2016 voiceinwilderness.info