Hannah's Song - 1Samuel 2:1-10
I think this wonderful song sets the theme of both books of Samuel.
- Similar to Mary's praise in Luke 1:46-7
Hannah's song starts with her horn lifted up in the LORD and ends with the LORD lifting up the Messiah's horn (v10
1Samuel 1 record that Hannah's rival wife, Peninnah, taunted her for being barren. There were probably others who taunted her too (1Sam 1:4-7
- The rock is what you can depend on to lean on when climbing out of a miry pit (Ps 40:2
- Hannah did not multiply her words against her enemies when her mouth was opened wide over them in v1. Rather she rejoiced in God's salvation.
- Eli and his sons were mighty, but are to be broken (1Sa 2:31
). Hannah was stumbling in her barrenness, now girded with strength. David also stumbled but repented and was girded with strength. Those who are counted worthy (Luke 21:36
) to be raptured before the great tribulation are saints who stumble the way David stumbled (Zech 12:8
). This is a theme for the whole book of Samuel.
- This was fulfilled in v36
of this chapter.
There are 3 contrasting conditions of people:
strong vs stumblers v4
full vs hungry v5
barren vs her abounding with sons v5
- This was fulfilled in vv34-35
of this chapter.
- There are 4 contrasting things the Lord does:
kills and makes alive v6
brings down to Sheol and brings up v6
makes poor and makes rich v7
brings low and lifts up v7
This is related to how they honor the Lord (1Sam 2:30
This is Hannah's experience.
- The same God who set the world upon its pillars, also keeps His saints' feet.
This happened to Eli's house.
The Lord thundered upon the Philistines due to Samuel's ministry in 1Sam 7:10
This song begins with Hannah's horn exalted and ends with the Messiah's horn exalted. Our horn is exalted in the Messiah's horn.
The last sentence of this song is from LXX.
- copyright Steve Miller 11/5/2022
Hannah's Song 1 Samuel 2:1-10
(tune: "He has made me glad" 220.127.116.11. 10.10.10.10.)
Hannah prayed, and she said, My heart exults in the LORD;
my horn's lifted up in the LORD;
my mouth is opened wide over my enemies
because in Thy salvation I rejoice.
There is none holy, holy
like the LORD
because there is no one else besides Thee,
neither a rock to stand on like our God.
There is no Rock nor one holy like Thee.
Don't multiply your words while
pride is within your heart;
let not boasting exit your mouth
because the LORD is a God who knows everything,
and by the Lord a man's actions are weighed.
The bow of the strong has been broken up
and the stumblers have been girded with strength.
They that had been full are begging for bread
and the hungry are hungry no longer:
3 'till barren bears seven , and she abounding with sons
has languished in disappointment.
. The LORD kills and makes alive; brings down to Sheol
and He brought up again out from the dead.
The LORD maketh poor, and He maketh rich,
He bringeth low, and also He lifts up.
He raises the poor up out of the dust.
From the dung-hill He lifts up the needy
4 to sit among nobles; makes them inherit a throne
of His glory; For earth's pillars
are the LORD's, and He has set the world upon them.
All is ordered by His almighty hand.
He keeps His saints' feet, but wicked silenced
in the darkness for by strength none prevail.
They that strive with God shall be broken up
In the heavens He'll thunder upon them.
5 The Lord will judge the earth from one end to the other
and He will give strength to his king,
and He will exalt the horn of His Messiah.
And Hannah left her boy before the LORD.
And Mary said, My soul magnifies the Lord,
47 and my spirit rejoices in God my Savior,
And it came to pass on the day that Elkanah sacrificed, he gave to Peninnah his wife and to all her sons and her daughters portions;
5 but to Hannah he used to give a double portion, for he loved Hannah; but Jehovah had shut up her womb.
6 And her adversary provoked her much also, to make her fret, because Jehovah had shut up her womb.
7 And as he did so year by year, as often as she went up to the house of Jehovah, she provoked her thus; and she wept and did not eat.
And he brought me up out of the pit of destruction, out of the miry clay, and set my feet upon a rock; he hath established my goings:
Watch therefore, praying at every season, that ye may be accounted worthy to escape all these things which are about to come to pass, and to stand before the Son of man.
In that day will Jehovah defend the inhabitants of Jerusalem; and he that stumbleth among them at that day shall be as David; and the house of David as God, as the Angel of Jehovah before them.
1 Samuel 2:30
Wherefore Jehovah the God of Israel saith, I said indeed, Thy house and the house of thy father should walk before me for ever. But now Jehovah saith, Be it far from me; for them that honour me I will honour, and they that despise me shall be lightly esteemed
31 Behold, days come, that I will cut off thine arm, and the arm of thy father's house, that there shall not be an old man in thy house.
And this shall be the sign to thee, which shall come upon thy two sons, upon Hophni and Phinehas: in one day they shall die, both of them.
35 And I will raise up for myself a faithful priest, who shall do according to what is in my heart and in my mind; and I will build him a sure house; and he shall walk before mine anointed continually.
And it shall come to pass that every one that is left of thy house shall come to crouch to him for a small piece of silver and for a cake of bread, and shall say, Put me, I pray thee, into one of the priestly offices, that I may eat a morsel of bread.
1Samuel 2:10 LXX
The Lord will weaken his adversary; the Lord is holy. Let not the wise man boast in his wisdom, nor let the mighty man boast in his strength, and let not the rich man boast in his wealth; but let him that boasts boast in this, to understand and know the Lord, and to execute judgment and justice in the midst of the earth. The Lord has gone up to the heavens, and has thundered: he will judge the extremities of the earth, and he gives strength to our kings, and will exalt the horn of his Christ. And she left him there before the Lord,
And as Samuel was offering up the burnt-offering, the Philistines advanced to battle against Israel. And Jehovah thundered with a great thunder on that day upon the Philistines, and discomfited them; and they were routed before Israel.
- copyright Steve Miller 11/6/2022