Psalm 41 - overcomer - Blessed is he who considers the needy
To be an overcomer we need to compassionately consider those in need. We will still suffer, but in our misery the Lord will be there transforming the place of suffering.
This is quite a way to end the 1st book of the Psalms. It shows how important it is to care for the poor (James 1:26-27
- The day of trouble will come, but it will just be a day, not that long.
Our foes today are spiritual forces of evil in the heavenlies. (Luke 22:31
- I followed John Goldingay's translation of this verse: "Yhwh sustains him on his sickbed; you transform the entire place where he lies in his suffering."
Alan, a manager at my work, recently survived esophageal cancer, the odds of survival for which are 1/14.
One day he read Jer 29:11 For I know the thoughts that I think toward you, says the LORD, thoughts of peace and not of evil, to give you a future and a hope. (NKJ)
He said, The Lord will give me a future and a hope.
So he was not fearful of the future.
He was confident he would survive.
He went thru chemo and radiation and had the surgery, which required the removal of the esophagus and the stretching of the stomach to reach up to the throat.
He had lots of holes in his body with tubes coming out.
He was told that in 6 mos he would start to feel better.
He was just going to let nature take its course, but he said that would be taking the credit away from the Lord. Healing is supernatural, not natural.
He did not turn on the tv in his hospital room.
He had lots of time in the hospital, so he cleaned up his room very nice, which took him long time to do a little, but he had little else to do.
He arranged the room just like he wanted it.
Nurses told him that they felt peace whenever they went in his room.
One technician was asking him how come his room felt peaceful, which was different than all the other rooms.
Alan was going to answer him, but just then the doctor came in and said that he was being discharged.
He recovered amazingly fast.
He shared about it in his Bible study group saying that he had such peace.
One of the group members said, You have peace now, but when Armageddon comes you won't have peace.
Alan researched it in the Bible and found that the opposite of peace is fear, not war.
That is why he had peace, because he did not have fear.
Some time later he went to the hospital again for kidney stones.
The same technician came to his room.
Alan told him the answer to the question he had asked before, which answer he did not know before, but he knew it now.
- "because I have sinned against You" probably refers to David's sin against Uriah the Hittite, because of which the Lord told him he would suffer (2Sam 12:10
). I think this psalm occurred long after that sin, maybe during Adonijah's rebellion (1Ki 1:5-15
"Because I have sinned against Thee" could modify either or both the preceding "heal my soul" or the following "my foes speak evil of me". In Psalm 38, which I think takes place at the same time as this Psalm, David says he suffers both sickness and foes' evil speaking because of his sins.. It is told that David's house would suffer the sword because of his sin against Uriah (2Sam 12:10
). So David realized that Adonijah's and Absalom's rebellions against him were because of that sin.
A person should pray that his spiritual shortcoming be cured, not only its physical symptoms - Rabbi David Kimchi (aka RaDaK) (1160-1235)
- During Adonijah's rebellion, David was old and would die soon.
- "heel" indicates cheating as in Jacob being called a heel-holder (Gen 27:36 etc
David had 2 trusted friends who betrayed him in ways that foreshadow Judas: Ahithophel who betrayed him in Absalom's rebellion (2Sam 17:23
) and Joab in Adonijah's rebellion (1Ki 1:7
; 2Sam 20:9-10
). I think this verse refers to Joab because during Adonijah's rebellion, David was sick and near to death.
The Lord said that Judas fulfilled this verse (Joh 13:18
). The previous verses of this psalm cannot be about Jesus because David says that he had sinned against the Lord. Verses 9 to the end seem to be about both David and Jesus.
- I took the "by this" at the beginning of v11 and put it on the end of v10.
By his being raised up from his sickbed, David will repay his foes by disappointing their hopes for his downfall. - Rabbi Hirsch (1808-88). This is the accepted Jewish interpretation.
- This Doxology closes the first book of the Psalter. Each of the 5 books ends in a similar manner. - F. B. Meyer
"Amen and amen" is used 2 other times in the Bible, also at the end of of the last psalm of the next 2 books of psalms: Ps 72:19; 89:52
. Psalm 72 is the last psalm of Book 2 of the Psalms and Psalm 89 is the last psalm of Book 3.
The last psalm of Book 4, Psalm 106, ends with "Amen, Hallelujah!". The final psalm of Book 5, Psalm 150, the last psalm, ends with "Praise Yah, Hallelujah!"
-copyright Steve Miller
Psalm 41 For the Overcomer. A Psalm through David
Bless-ed is he who considers
the needs of the poor.
When the day of trouble will come
LORD will deliver.
Lord will guard and preserve alive.
On earth bless'd he'll live.
And unto his foes' desire
You will not him give.
On his bed, LORD will sustain him
in his misery.
You have transformed all the bedroom
of his suffering.
I said, O LORD give grace to me,
heal my suffering soul.
Because I have sinned against Thee,
"When will he die?" they speak of me,
"and perish his name."
6 And if one comes to visit me
his speaking is vain.
His heart mischief to him gathers,
speaks it when he leaves.
7 Together against me, whisper
all those that hate me.
Against me my hurt they devise.
8 "Trouble's heaped on him
He lies down and won't again rise."
whom I trusted, who my bread ate
raised his heel 'gainst me.
And You, O LORD, give to me grace
raise me up in Thee.
And I will repay them by this.
11 You delight in me,
I will know this when my foes don't
rejoice over me.
12 And I in my integrity,
You have upheld me,
stood me in Thy presence holy
The LORD God
, the God of Israel,
be fore'er bless'd then
from age unto age eternal.
Amen and amen.
Psalm 72:19 And blessed be his glorious name for ever! and let the whole earth be filled with his glory! Amen, and Amen. (Psa 72:19 DBY)
89:52 Blessed be Jehovah for evermore! Amen, and Amen. (Psa 89:52 DBY)
Numbers 5:22 and this water that bringeth the curse shall enter into thy bowels, to make the belly to swell, and the thigh to shrink. And the woman shall say, Amen, amen. (Num 5:22 DBY)
Nehemiah 8:6 And Ezra blessed Jehovah, the great God; and all the people answered, Amen, Amen! with lifting up of their hands; and they bowed their heads, and worshipped Jehovah with their faces to the ground. (Neh 8:6 DBY)
John 3:3 Jesus answered and said to him, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except any one be born anew he cannot see the kingdom of God. (Joh 3:3 DBY)
5 Jesus answered, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except one be born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God! (Joh 3:5 ASV)
11 Verily, verily, I say unto thee, We speak that which we know, and bear witness of that which we have seen; and ye receive not our witness. (Joh 3:11 ASV)
5:19 Jesus therefore answered and said to them, Verily, verily, I say to you, The Son can do nothing of himself save whatever he sees the Father doing: for whatever things *he* does, these things also the Son does in like manner. (Joh 5:19 DBY)
24 Verily, verily, I say unto you, that he that hears my word, and believes him that has sent me, has life eternal, and does not come into judgment, but is passed out of death into life. (Joh 5:24 DBY)
25 Verily, verily, I say unto you, that an hour is coming, and now is, when the dead shall hear the voice of the Son of God, and they that have heard shall live. (Joh 5:25 DBY)
6:26 Jesus answered them and said, Verily, verily, I say to you, Ye seek me not because ye have seen signs, but because ye have eaten of the loaves and been filled. (Joh 6:26 DBY)
32 Jesus therefore said to them, Verily, verily, I say to you, It is not Moses that has given you the bread out of heaven; but my Father gives you the true bread out of heaven. (Joh 6:32 DBY)
47 Verily, verily, I say to you, He that believes on me has life eternal. (Joh 6:47 DBY)
53 Jesus therefore said to them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Unless ye shall have eaten the flesh of the Son of man, and drunk his blood, ye have no life in yourselves. (Joh 6:53 DBY)
8:34 Jesus answered them, Verily, verily, I say to you, Every one that practises sin is the bondman of sin. (Joh 8:34 DBY)
51 Verily, verily, I say unto you, If any one shall keep my word, he shall never see death. (Joh 8:51 DBY)
58 Jesus said to them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Before Abraham was, I am. (Joh 8:58 DBY)
10:1 Verily, verily, I say to you, He that enters not in by the door to the fold of the sheep, but mounts up elsewhere, *he* is a thief and a robber; (Joh 10:1 DBY)
7 Jesus therefore said again to them, Verily, verily, I say to you, I am the door of the sheep. (Joh 10:7 DBY)
12:24 Verily, verily, I say unto you, Except the grain of wheat falling into the ground die, it abides alone; but if it die, it bears much fruit. (Joh 12:24 DBY)
13:16 Verily, verily, I say to you, The bondman is not greater than his lord, nor the sent greater than he who has sent him. (Joh 13:16 DBY)
20 Verily, verily, I say to you, He who receives whomsoever I shall send receives me; and he that receives me receives him who has sent me. (Joh 13:20 DBY)
21 Having said these things, Jesus was troubled in spirit, and testified and said, Verily, verily, I say to you, that one of you shall deliver me up. (Joh 13:21 DBY)
38 Jesus answers, Thou wilt lay down thy life for me! Verily, verily, I say to thee, The cock shall not crow till thou hast denied me thrice. (Joh 13:38 DBY)
14:12 Verily, verily, I say to you, He that believes on me, the works which I do shall he do also, and he shall do greater than these, because I go to the Father. (Joh 14:12 DBY)
16:20 Verily, verily, I say to you, that ye shall weep and lament, ye, but the world shall rejoice; and ye will be grieved, but your grief shall be turned to joy. (Joh 16:20 DBY)
23 And in that day ye shall demand nothing of me: verily, verily, I say to you, Whatsoever ye shall ask the Father in my name, he will give you. (Joh 16:23 DBY)
21:18 Verily, verily, I say to thee, When thou wast young, thou girdedst thyself, and walkedst where thou desiredst; but when thou shalt be old, thou shalt stretch forth thy hands, and another shall gird thee, and bring thee where thou dost not desire. (Joh 21:18 DBY)
2 Samuel 12:10 Now therefore the sword shall never depart from thy house; because thou hast despised me, and hast taken the wife of Urijah the Hittite to be thy wife. (2Sa 12:10 DBY)
Genesis 27:36 And he said, Is it not therefore he was named Jacob, for he has supplanted me now twice? He took away my birthright, and behold, now he has taken away my blessing. And he said, Hast thou not reserved a blessing for me? (Gen 27:36 DBY)
Psalm 49:5 Wherefore should I fear in the days of adversity, when the iniquity of my supplanters encompasseth me? (Psa 49:5 DBY)
Isaiah 40:4 Every valley shall be raised up, and every mountain and hill shall be brought low; and the crooked shall be made straight, and the rough places a plain. (Isa 40:4 DBY)
Jeremiah 9:4 Take ye heed every one of his friend, and confide not in any brother; for every brother only supplanteth, and every friend goeth about with slander. (Jer 9:4 DBY)
17:9 The heart is deceitful above all things, and incurable; who can know it? (Jer 17:9 DBY)
1Kings 1:5 Then Adonijah the son of Haggith exalted himself, saying, I will be king: and he prepared him chariots and horsemen, and fifty men to run before him.
6 And his father had not displeased him at any time in saying, Why hast thou done so? and he also was a very goodly man; and his mother bare him after Absalom.
7 And he conferred with Joab the son of Zeruiah, and with Abiathar the priest: and they following Adonijah helped him.
8 But Zadok the priest, and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and Nathan the prophet, and Shimei, and Rei, and the mighty men which belonged to David, were not with Adonijah.
9 And Adonijah slew sheep and oxen and fat cattle by the stone of Zoheleth, which is by Enrogel, and called all his brethren the king's sons, and all the men of Judah the king's servants:
10 But Nathan the prophet, and Benaiah, and the mighty men, and Solomon his brother, he called not.
11 Wherefore Nathan spake unto Bathsheba the mother of Solomon, saying, Hast thou not heard that Adonijah the son of Haggith doth reign, and David our lord knoweth it not?
12 Now therefore come, let me, I pray thee, give thee counsel, that thou mayest save thine own life, and the life of thy son Solomon.
13 Go and get thee in unto king David, and say unto him, Didst not thou, my lord, O king, swear unto thine handmaid, saying, Assuredly Solomon thy son shall reign after me, and he shall sit upon my throne? why then doth Adonijah reign?
14 Behold, while thou yet talkest there with the king, I also will come in after thee, and confirm thy words.
15 And Bathsheba went in unto the king into the chamber: and the king was very old; and Abishag the Shunammite ministered unto the king. (1Ki 1:5-15 KJV)
Luke 22:31 And the Lord said, Simon, Simon, behold, Satan hath desired to have you, that he may sift you as wheat:
32 But I have prayed for thee, that thy faith fail not: and when thou art converted, strengthen thy brethren.
(Luk 22:31-32 KJV)
Joh 13:18 "I do not speak concerning all of you. I know whom I have chosen; but that the Scripture may be fulfilled, `He who eats bread with Me has lifted up his heel against Me.
;2Sa 15:12 Then Absalom sent for Ahithophel the Gilonite, David's counselor, from his city from Giloh while he offered sacrifices. And the conspiracy grew strong, for the people with Absalom continually increased in number.
17:23 And when Ahithophel saw that his counsel was not followed, he saddled his ass, and arose, and gat him home to his house, to his city, and put his household in order, and hanged himself, and died, and was buried in the sepulchre of his father.
Mat 27:5 Then he threw down the pieces of silver in the temple and departed, and went and hanged himself.
2Sam 20:9 And Joab said to Amasa, Art thou in health, my brother? And Joab took Amasa by the beard with the right hand to kiss him.
10 But Amasa took no heed to the sword that was in Joab's hand: so he smote him therewith in the fifth rib, and shed out his bowels to the ground, and struck him not again; and he died. So Joab and Abishai his brother pursued after Sheba the son of Bichri. (2Sa 20:9-10 KJV)
Luke 22:47 And while he yet spake, behold a multitude, and he that was called Judas, one of the twelve, went before them, and drew near unto Jesus to kiss him.
48 But Jesus said unto him, Judas, betrayest thou the Son of man with a kiss?
James 1:26 If any one think himself to be religious, not bridling his tongue, but deceiving his heart, this man's religion is vain.
27 Pure and undefiled religion before God and the Father is this: to visit orphans and widows in their affliction, to keep oneself unspotted from the world.
(Jam 1:26-27 DBY)
-copyright Steve Miller 5/14/2015