Psalm 41 - overcomer - Blessed is he who considers the needy
To be an overcomer we need to compassionately consider those in need. We will still suffer, but in our misery the Lord will be there transforming the place of suffering.
This is quite a way to end the 1st book of the Psalms. It shows how important it is to care for the poor (James 1:26-27
- The day of trouble will come, but it will just be a day, not that long.
"Days of trouble come even to the most generous, and they have made the wisest provision for rainy days who have lent shelter to others when times were better with them. The promise is not that the generous saint shall have no trouble, but that he shall be preserved in it, and in due time brought out of it." - C. H. Spurgeon
v2- Prosperity shall attend him. His cruse of oil shall not be dried up because he fed the poor prophet. He shall cut from his roll of cloth and find it longer at both ends.
If temporal gains be not given him, spirituals shall be doubled to him. His little shall be blessed, bread and water shall be a feast to him. The liberal (generous) are and must be blessed even here; they have a present as well as a future portion. Our Lord's real blessedness of heart in the joy that was set before him is a subject worthy of earnest thought, especially as it is the picture of the blessing which all liberal (generous) saints may look for. - Spurgeon
Our foes today are spiritual forces of evil in the heavenlies. (Luke 22:31
- I followed John Goldingay's translation of this verse: "Yhwh sustains him on his sickbed; you transform the entire place where he lies in his suffering."
Alan, a manager at my work, recently survived esophageal cancer, the odds of survival for which are 1/14.
One day he read Jer 29:11 For I know the thoughts that I think toward you, says the LORD, thoughts of peace and not of evil, to give you a future and a hope. (NKJ)
He said, The Lord will give me a future and a hope.
So he was not fearful of the future.
He was confident he would survive.
He went thru chemo and radiation and had the surgery, which required the removal of the esophagus and the stretching of the stomach to reach up to the throat.
He had lots of holes in his body with tubes coming out.
He was told that in 6 mos he would start to feel better.
He was just going to let nature take its course, but he said that would be taking the credit away from the Lord. Healing is supernatural, not natural.
He did not turn on the tv in his hospital room.
He had lots of time in the hospital, so he cleaned up his room very nice, which took him a long time to do a little, but he had little else to do.
He arranged the room just like he wanted it.
Nurses told him that they felt peace whenever they went in his room.
One technician was asking him how come his room felt peaceful, which was different than all the other rooms.
Alan was going to answer him, but just then the doctor came in and said that he was being discharged.
He recovered amazingly fast.
He shared about it in his Bible study group saying that he had such peace.
One of the group members said, You have peace now, but when Armageddon comes you won't have peace.
Alan researched it in the Bible and found that the opposite of peace is fear, not war.
That is why he had peace, because he did not have fear.
Some time later he went to the hospital again for kidney stones.
The same technician came to his room.
Alan told him the answer to the question he had asked before, which answer he did not know before, but he knew it now.
The everlasting arms shall stay up his soul as friendly hands and downy pillows stay up the body of the sick. How tender and sympathising is this image; how near it brings our God to our infirmities and sicknesses! ... If he smites with one hand he sustains with the other. Oh, it is blessed fainting when one falls upon the Lord's own bosom, and is borne up thereby! Grace is the best of restoratives; divine love is the noblest stimulant for a languishing patient; it makes the soul strong as a giant, even when the aching bones are breaking through the skin. No physician like the Lord, no tonic like his promise, no wine like his love. ...
Herein is love indeed. Who would not consider the poor if such be the promised reward? A bed soon grows hard when the body is weary with tossing to and fro upon it, but grace gives patience, and God's smile gives peace, and the bed is made soft because the man's heart is content; the pillows are downy because the head is peaceful. Note that the Lord will make all his bed, from head to foot. What considerate and indefatigable kindness! Our dear and ever blessed Lord Jesus, though in all respects an inheritor of this promise, for our sakes condescended to forego the blessing, and died on a cross and not upon a bed. ...
We must not imagine that the benediction pronounced in these three verses belongs to all who casually give money to the poor, or leave it in their wills, or contribute to societies. Such do well, or act from mere custom, as the case may be, but they are not here alluded to. The blessing is for those whose habit it is to love their neighbour as themselves, and who for Christ's sake feed the hungry and clothe the naked. To imagine a man to be a saint who does not consider the poor as he has ability, is to conceive the fruitless fig tree to be acceptable; there will be sharp dealing with many professors (those who profess to be Christians) on this point in the day when the King cometh in his glory. - Spurgeon
- "because I have sinned against You" probably refers to David's sin against Uriah the Hittite, because of which the Lord told him he would suffer (2Sam 12:10
). I think this psalm occurred long after that sin, probably during Adonijah's rebellion (1Ki 1:5-15
"Because I have sinned against Thee" could modify either or both the preceding "heal my soul" or the following "my foes speak evil of me". In Psalm 38
, which I think takes place at the same time as this Psalm, David says he suffers both sickness and foes' evil speaking because of his sins. It is told that David's house would suffer the sword because of his sin against Uriah (2Sam 12:10
). So David realized that Adonijah's and Absalom's rebellions against him were because of that sin.
A person should pray that his spiritual shortcoming be cured, not only its physical symptoms - Rabbi David Kimchi (aka RaDaK) (1160-1235)
Prove now thy gracious dealings with my soul in adversity, since thou didst aforetime give me grace to act liberally in my prosperity. ...
We ought to be far more earnest for the soul's healing than for the body's ease. We hear much of the cure of souls, but we often forget to care about it. ...
Here was the root of sorrow. Sin and suffering are inevitable companions. Observe that by the psalmist, sin was felt to be mainly evil because directed against God. This is of the essence of true repentance. - Spurgeon
- During Adonijah's rebellion, David was old and would die soon.
v6 "A little fault is made much of; a slip of the tongue is a libel, a mistake a crime, and if a word can bear two meanings the worse is always fathered upon it. ... It is base to strike a man when he is down, yet such is the meanness of mankind towards a Christian hero should he for awhile chance to be under a cloud. " - Spurgeon
- "heel" indicates cheating as in Jacob being called a heel-holder (Gen 27:36 etc
David had 2 trusted friends who betrayed him in ways that foreshadow Judas: Ahithophel who betrayed him in Absalom's rebellion (2Sam 17:23
) and Joab in Adonijah's rebellion (1Ki 1:7
; 2Sam 20:9-10
). I think this verse refers to Joab because during Adonijah's rebellion, David was sick and near to death.
The Lord said that Judas fulfilled this verse (Joh 13:18
). The previous verses of this psalm cannot be about Jesus because David says that he had sinned against the Lord. Verses 9 to the end seem to be about both David and Jesus.
It is noteworthy that the Redeemer applied only the last words of this verse to Judas, perhaps because, knowing his duplicity, he had never made a familiar friend of him in the fullest sense, and had not placed implicit trust in him. - Spurgeon
- I took the "by this" at the beginning of v11 and put it on the end of v10.
By his being raised up from his sickbed, David will repay his foes by disappointing their hopes for his downfall. - Rabbi Hirsch (1808-88). This is the accepted Jewish interpretation. This is what happened in 1Kings 1:16-49
, though it appears that David was still bed-ridden. A little later in 1Chron 28: 2
, David stood up on his feet and addressed all the leaders of Israel.
- "Thou hast a special regard to me, I have the secret assurance of this in my heart, and, therefore, thine outward dealings do not dismay me, for I know that thou lovest me in them all. ...
What if the believer has no triumph over his foes, he must be glad that they do not triumph over him. If we have not all we would we should praise God for all we have. Much there is in us over which the ungodly might exult, and if God's mercy keeps the dog's mouths closed when they might be opened, we must give him our heartiest gratitude. What a wonder it is that when the devil enters the lists with a poor, erring, bedridden, deserted, slandered saint, and has a thousand evil tongues to aid him, yet he cannot win the day, but in the end slinks off without renown. " - Spurgeon
- Our innocence and consistency are the result of the divine upholding. We are like those glasses without feet, which can only be upright while they are held in the hand; we fall, and spill, and spoil all, if left to ourselves. - Spurgeon
- This Doxology closes the first book of the Psalter. Each of the 5 books ends in a similar manner. - F. B. Meyer
"Amen and amen" is used 2 other times in the Bible, also at the end of of the last psalm of the next 2 books of psalms: Ps 72:19; 89:52
. Psalm 72 is the last psalm of Book 2 of the Psalms and Psalm 89 is the last psalm of Book 3.
The last psalm of Book 4, Psalm 106, ends with "Amen, Hallelujah!". The final psalm of Book 5, Psalm 150, the last psalm, ends with "Praise Yah, Hallelujah!"
-copyright Steve Miller
Psalm 41 For the Overcomer. A Psalm through David
Bless-ed is he who considers
the needs of the poor.
When the day of trouble will come
LORD will deliver.
Lord will guard and preserve alive.
On earth bless'd he'll live.
And unto his foes' desire
You will not him give.
O his bed, LORD will sustain him
in his misery.
You have transformed all the bedroom
of his suffering.
I said, O LORD give grace to me,
heal my suffering soul.
Because I have sinned against Thee,
3 "When will he die?" they speak of me,
"and perish his name."
And if one comes to visit me
his speaking is vain.
His heart mischief to him gathers,
speaks it when he leaves.
7 Together against me, whisper
all those that hate me.
4 Against me my hurt they devise.
8 "Trouble's heaped on him
He lies down and won't again rise."
whom I trusted, who my bread ate
raised his heel 'gainst me.
But You, O LORD, give to me grace
raise me up in Thee.
5 And I will repay them by this.
I will know this when my foes don't
rejoice over me.
And I in my integrity,
You have upheld me,
stood me in Thy presence holy
The LORD God
, the God of Israel,
be fore'er bless'd then
from age unto age eternal.
Amen and amen.
And blessed be his glorious name for ever! and let the whole earth be filled with his glory! Amen, and Amen
. (Psa 72:19 DBY)
89:52 Blessed be Jehovah for evermore! Amen, and Amen. (Psa 89:52 DBY)
and this water that bringeth the curse shall enter into thy bowels, to make the belly to swell, and the thigh to shrink. And the woman shall say, Amen, amen
. (Num 5:22 DBY)
Nehemiah 8:6 And Ezra blessed Jehovah, the great God; and all the people answered, Amen, Amen! with lifting up of their hands; and they bowed their heads, and worshipped Jehovah with their faces to the ground. (Neh 8:6 DBY)
Jesus answered and said to him, Verily, verily,
I say unto thee, Except any one be born anew he cannot see the kingdom of God. (Joh 3:3 DBY)
5 Jesus answered, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except one be born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God! (Joh 3:5 ASV)
11 Verily, verily, I say unto thee, We speak that which we know, and bear witness of that which we have seen; and ye receive not our witness. (Joh 3:11 ASV)
5:19 Jesus therefore answered and said to them, Verily, verily, I say to you, The Son can do nothing of himself save whatever he sees the Father doing: for whatever things *he* does, these things also the Son does in like manner. (Joh 5:19 DBY)
24 Verily, verily, I say unto you, that he that hears my word, and believes him that has sent me, has life eternal, and does not come into judgment, but is passed out of death into life. (Joh 5:24 DBY)
25 Verily, verily, I say unto you, that an hour is coming, and now is, when the dead shall hear the voice of the Son of God, and they that have heard shall live. (Joh 5:25 DBY)
6:26 Jesus answered them and said, Verily, verily, I say to you, Ye seek me not because ye have seen signs, but because ye have eaten of the loaves and been filled. (Joh 6:26 DBY)
32 Jesus therefore said to them, Verily, verily, I say to you, It is not Moses that has given you the bread out of heaven; but my Father gives you the true bread out of heaven. (Joh 6:32 DBY)
47 Verily, verily, I say to you, He that believes on me has life eternal. (Joh 6:47 DBY)
53 Jesus therefore said to them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Unless ye shall have eaten the flesh of the Son of man, and drunk his blood, ye have no life in yourselves. (Joh 6:53 DBY)
8:34 Jesus answered them, Verily, verily, I say to you, Every one that practises sin is the bondman of sin. (Joh 8:34 DBY)
51 Verily, verily, I say unto you, If any one shall keep my word, he shall never see death. (Joh 8:51 DBY)
58 Jesus said to them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Before Abraham was, I am. (Joh 8:58 DBY)
10:1 Verily, verily, I say to you, He that enters not in by the door to the fold of the sheep, but mounts up elsewhere, *he* is a thief and a robber; (Joh 10:1 DBY)
7 Jesus therefore said again to them, Verily, verily, I say to you, I am the door of the sheep. (Joh 10:7 DBY)
12:24 Verily, verily, I say unto you, Except the grain of wheat falling into the ground die, it abides alone; but if it die, it bears much fruit. (Joh 12:24 DBY)
13:16 Verily, verily, I say to you, The bondman is not greater than his lord, nor the sent greater than he who has sent him. (Joh 13:16 DBY)
20 Verily, verily, I say to you, He who receives whomsoever I shall send receives me; and he that receives me receives him who has sent me. (Joh 13:20 DBY)
21 Having said these things, Jesus was troubled in spirit, and testified and said, Verily, verily, I say to you, that one of you shall deliver me up. (Joh 13:21 DBY)
38 Jesus answers, Thou wilt lay down thy life for me! Verily, verily, I say to thee, The cock shall not crow till thou hast denied me thrice. (Joh 13:38 DBY)
14:12 Verily, verily, I say to you, He that believes on me, the works which I do shall he do also, and he shall do greater than these, because I go to the Father. (Joh 14:12 DBY)
16:20 Verily, verily, I say to you, that ye shall weep and lament, ye, but the world shall rejoice; and ye will be grieved, but your grief shall be turned to joy. (Joh 16:20 DBY)
23 And in that day ye shall demand nothing of me: verily, verily, I say to you, Whatsoever ye shall ask the Father in my name, he will give you. (Joh 16:23 DBY)
21:18 Verily, verily, I say to thee, When thou wast young, thou girdedst thyself, and walkedst where thou desiredst; but when thou shalt be old, thou shalt stretch forth thy hands, and another shall gird thee, and bring thee where thou dost not desire. (Joh 21:18 DBY)
2 Samuel 12:10
Now therefore the sword shall never depart from thy house; because thou hast despised Me, and hast taken the wife of Urijah the Hittite to be thy wife. (2Sa 12:10 DBY)
Rejoice not when thine enemy falleth, and let not thine heart be glad when he stumbleth:
18 Lest the LORD see it, and it displease him, and he turn away his wrath from him.
And he said, Is it not therefore he was named Jacob
, for he has supplanted
me now twice? He took away my birthright, and behold, now he has taken away my blessing. And he said, Hast thou not reserved a blessing for me? (Gen 27:36 DBY)
Psalm 49:5 Wherefore should I fear in the days of adversity, when the iniquity of my supplanters encompasseth me? (Psa 49:5 DBY)
Isaiah 40:4 Every valley shall be raised up, and every mountain and hill shall be brought low; and the crooked shall be made straight, and the rough places a plain. (Isa 40:4 DBY)
Jeremiah 9:4 Take ye heed every one of his friend, and confide not in any brother; for every brother only supplanteth, and every friend goeth about with slander. (Jer 9:4 DBY)
17:9 The heart is deceitful above all things, and incurable; who can know it? (Jer 17:9 DBY)
Then Adonijah the son of Haggith exalted himself, saying, I will be king: and he prepared him chariots and horsemen, and fifty men to run before him.
6 And his father had not displeased him at any time in saying, Why hast thou done so? and he also was a very goodly man; and his mother bare him after Absalom.
7 And he conferred with Joab the son of Zeruiah, and with Abiathar the priest: and they following Adonijah helped him.
8 But Zadok the priest, and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and Nathan the prophet, and Shimei, and Rei, and the mighty men which belonged to David, were not with Adonijah.
9 And Adonijah slew sheep and oxen and fat cattle by the stone of Zoheleth, which is by Enrogel, and called all his brethren the king's sons, and all the men of Judah the king's servants:
10 But Nathan the prophet, and Benaiah, and the mighty men, and Solomon his brother, he called not.
11 Wherefore Nathan spake unto Bathsheba the mother of Solomon, saying, Hast thou not heard that Adonijah the son of Haggith doth reign, and David our lord knoweth it not?
12 Now therefore come, let me, I pray thee, give thee counsel, that thou mayest save thine own life, and the life of thy son Solomon.
13 Go and get thee in unto king David, and say unto him, Didst not thou, my lord, O king, swear unto thine handmaid, saying, Assuredly Solomon thy son shall reign after me, and he shall sit upon my throne? why then doth Adonijah reign?
14 Behold, while thou yet talkest there with the king, I also will come in after thee, and confirm thy words.
15 And Bathsheba went in unto the king into the chamber: and the king was very old; and Abishag the Shunammite ministered unto the king. (1Ki 1:5-15 KJV)
And Bathsheba bowed and did obeisance to the king. And the king said, What wouldest thou?
17 And she said to him, My lord, thou hast sworn by Jehovah thy God to thy handmaid, saying, Solomon thy son shall reign after me, and he shall sit on my throne.
18 And now behold, Adonijah is king; and now, my lord the king, thou knowest it not.
19 And he has sacrificed oxen and fatted cattle and sheep in abundance, and has invited all the sons of the king and Abiathar the priest and Joab the captain of the host; but Solomon thy servant has he not invited.
20 And thou, my lord the king, the eyes of all Israel are upon thee, that thou shouldest tell them who shall sit on the throne of my lord the king after him.
21 Otherwise it shall come to pass when my lord the king shall sleep with his fathers, that I and my son Solomon will be counted offenders.
22 And behold, while she yet talked with the king, Nathan the prophet also came in.
23 And they told the king saying, Behold, Nathan the prophet. And when he was come in before the king, he bowed himself before the king with his face to the ground.
24 And Nathan said, My lord, O king, hast thou said, Adonijah shall reign after me, and he shall sit on my throne?
25 For he is gone down this day, and has sacrificed oxen and fatted cattle and sheep in abundance, and has invited all the king's sons, and the captains of the host, and Abiathar the priest; and behold, they eat and drink before him, and say, God save king Adonijah!
26 But me, even me thy servant, and Zadok the priest, and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and thy servant Solomon, he has not invited.
27 Is this thing done by my lord the king, and thou hast not shewn to thy servants who should sit on the throne of my lord the king after him?
28 Then king David answered and said, Call me Bathsheba. And she came into the king's presence, and stood before the king.
29 And the king swore, and said, As Jehovah liveth, who has redeemed my soul out of all distress,
30 even as I swore to thee by Jehovah the God of Israel, saying, Solomon thy son shall reign after me, and he shall sit on my throne in my stead; even so will I certainly do this day.
31 And Bathsheba bowed with her face to the earth, and did reverence to the king, and said, Let my lord king David live for ever.
32 And king David said, Call me Zadok the priest, and Nathan the prophet, and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada. And they came before the king.
33 And the king said to them, Take with you the servants of your lord, and cause Solomon my son to ride upon mine own mule, and bring him down to Gihon;
34 and let Zadok the priest and Nathan the prophet anoint him there king over Israel; and blow ye with the trumpet, and say, Long live king Solomon!
35 And ye shall come up after him, that he may come and sit on my throne; for he shall reign in my stead, and I have appointed him to be ruler over Israel and over Judah.
36 And Benaiah the son of Jehoiada answered the king and said, Amen: Jehovah, the God of my lord the king, say so too.
37 As Jehovah has been with my lord the king, even so be he with Solomon, and make his throne greater than the throne of my lord king David.
38 And Zadok the priest, and Nathan the prophet, and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and the Cherethites and the Pelethites went down, and caused Solomon to ride upon king David's mule, and brought him to Gihon.
39 And Zadok the priest took the horn of oil out of the tabernacle, and anointed Solomon. And they blew the trumpet; and all the people said, Long live king Solomon!
40 And all the people came up after him, and the people piped with pipes, and rejoiced with great joy, so that the earth rent with the sound of them.
41 And Adonijah and all the guests that were with him heard it as they were finishing their repast; and Joab heard the sound of the trumpet, and he said, Wherefore this noise of the city in an uproar?
42 While he yet spoke, behold, Jonathan the son of Abiathar the priest came; and Adonijah said to him, Come in; for thou art a valiant man, and bringest good news.
43 And Jonathan answered and said to Adonijah, Indeed, our lord king David has made Solomon king.
44 And the king has sent with him Zadok the priest, and Nathan the prophet, and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and the Cherethites and the Pelethites, and they have caused him to ride upon the king's mule;
45 and Zadok the priest and Nathan the prophet have anointed him king at Gihon; and they are come up from thence rejoicing, so that the city is in an uproar. This is the noise which ye have heard.
46 And also Solomon is sitting on the throne of the kingdom.
47 And moreover the king's servants came to bless our lord king David, saying, Thy God make the name of Solomon more excellent than thy name, and make his throne greater than thy throne! And the king bowed himself on the bed.
48 And also thus said the king: Blessed be Jehovah, the God of Israel, who has given one to sit on my throne this day, mine eyes even seeing it.
49 And all Adonijah's guests were afraid, and rose up and went every man his way.
1 Chronicles 28:1
And David assembled all the princes of Israel, the princes of the tribes, and the princes of the divisions that ministered to the king, and the captains over thousands, and the captains over hundreds, and the comptrollers of all the substance and possessions of the king and of his sons, with the chamberlains, and the mighty men, and all the men of valour, unto Jerusalem.
2 And king David stood up upon his feet, and said, Hear me, my brethren and my people! I had in my heart to build a house of rest for the ark of the covenant of Jehovah and for the footstool of our God, and I have prepared to build.
3 But God said to me, Thou shalt not build a house unto my name, for thou art a man of war, and hast shed blood.
4 And Jehovah the God of Israel chose me out of all the house of my father to be king over Israel for ever; for he has chosen Judah to be the prince; and of the house of Judah, the house of my father; and among the sons of my father he took pleasure in me to make me king over all Israel;
5 and of all my sons, (for Jehovah has given me many sons,) he has chosen Solomon my son to sit upon the throne of the kingdom of Jehovah over Israel.
6 And he said to me, Solomon thy son, he shall build my house and my courts; for I have chosen him to be my son, and I will be his father.
7 And I will establish his kingdom for ever, if he be firm to do my commandments and mine ordinances, as at this day.
And the Lord said, Simon, Simon, behold, Satan hath desired to have you, that he may sift you as wheat:
32 But I have prayed for thee, that thy faith fail not: and when thou art converted, strengthen thy brethren.
(Luk 22:31-32 KJV)
"I do not speak concerning all of you. I know whom I have chosen; but that the Scripture may be fulfilled, `He who eats bread with Me has lifted up his heel against Me.
;2Samuel 15:12 Then Absalom sent for Ahithophel the Gilonite, David's counselor, from his city from Giloh while he offered sacrifices. And the conspiracy grew strong, for the people with Absalom continually increased in number.
17:23 And when Ahithophel saw that his counsel was not followed, he saddled his ass, and arose, and gat him home to his house, to his city, and put his household in order, and hanged himself, and died, and was buried in the sepulchre of his father.
Matthew 27:5 Then he threw down the pieces of silver in the temple and departed, and went and hanged himself.
And Joab said to Amasa, Art thou in health, my brother? And Joab took Amasa by the beard with the right hand to kiss him.
10 But Amasa took no heed to the sword that was in Joab's hand: so he smote him therewith in the fifth rib, and shed out his bowels to the ground, and struck him not again; and he died. So Joab and Abishai his brother pursued after Sheba the son of Bichri. (2Sa 20:9-10 KJV)
Luke 22:47 And while he yet spake, behold a multitude, and he that was called Judas, one of the twelve, went before them, and drew near unto Jesus to kiss him.
48 But Jesus said unto him, Judas, betrayest thou the Son of man with a kiss?
If any one think himself to be religious, not bridling his tongue, but deceiving his heart, this man's religion is vain.
27 Pure and undefiled religion before God and the Father is this: to visit orphans and widows in their affliction, to keep oneself unspotted from the world.
-copyright Steve Miller 5/14/2015