Psalm 139 - O LORD, You have searched me
Work in Progress
- A new believer could not say this.
- The Lord knows these small things I do of seeming no consequence.
I think "from far away" means that the Lord has to be far away from me because my motive is not pure.
- The verb "sift out" is what a harvester does to sift out the wheat from the chaff (Ruth 3:2;etc
). The Lord sifts my daily life, my thought while sleeping, and my every word, separating the good from the worthless.
The Hebrew verb sachan
which I translated "work Your purpose" is the causative form of "to be profitable" (Job 15:3; etc
), hence "to cause to be profitable". This causative form is generally mistranslated here as "aquainted with" which has no basis except that it fits the context. Here are all the other the causative instances of sachan
as I would translate them (Num 22:30; Job 22:21
- Lit. for there is not a word in my tongue. Lo! LORD, You know it completely.
I think the meaning is, For there is not a word in my tongue that you don't sift.
Most translate it something like KJV: For there is not a word in my tongue, but, lo, O LORD, Thou knowest it altogether.
I think that translation is wrong because there is no conjuction between the 1st part ending with "tongue" and the 2nd part beginning with "Lo!". The "for" at the beginning of this verse connects the 1st part of the verse to the previous verse.
- It is wonderful that the Lord restricts us both behind and before. He restricts us in our going backward and also restricts us from going forward, that is in the right direction, ahead of the Lord.
The palm of the Lord's hand is gentle. He places His palm over me to protect me.
- Lit. Knowledge too wonderful for me! It has been set on high. I am not able for it.
- lit. Where shall I go from Your Spirit? ...
is the place where all the dead go, both good and bad, equivalent to the Greek Hades
in the New Testament. To lay down in Sheol is to die. Behold, the Lord is there (Php 1:23
We need to be aware that what we think is light could be darkness (Mat 6:23
- MT and DSS have "You cover me" which is the Hebrew word tesoochani
LXX has "You helped me", which, I think, would be the Hebrew word teschonani, which literally means "You profit me". The difference in Hebrew is a double letter nun in LXX vs single nun in MT. I think LXX is correct because it expands on the thought, You work Your purpose in all my ways" in v3, which is the same root verb sachan as here.
- How did God create us in the lower parts of the earth? Eccl 11:5
- This shows that God cares about the unborn.
- lit. as my enemies.
- When we do wrong we feel the pain of it. But often we don't notice the pain and forget it. So it is a wonderful prayer to ask the Lord to search me and see if there is any way that is painful in me.
- copyright Steve Miller 10/19/2014
O LORD, You have searched me,
and have known me
You know my down-sitting
and my standing.
You discern my motive
from far away.
My path You sift out and
when dow-own I lay,
and You work Your purpose
in my ways all
for You sift
all my words.
You've known them all.
behind and 'fore,
and placed Your palm on me
to kee-eep me sure.
Knowledge too wonderful,
it's beyond me.
I cannot master it,
To go from Your Spirit,
there is no place.
And wither could I flee
out of Your face?
Lo, there You are,
Or lay down in Sheol,
Behold, You're there!
9 If I take up the wings
of the morning
and dwell in the far off
parts of the sea,
10 even there shall Thy hand,
it shall lead me,
and Your mighty right hand
strongly hold me.
darkness hurts me,
and the light about me
turned to night be,
12 even darkness does not
darken Thy sight.
And the night shines as day,
the dark as light,
for You purchased my reigns.
You purpose me
since in my mother's womb,
14 I will praise Thee that I'm
Marvelous are Your works,
my soul knows well.
My bones were not concealed,
not hid from Thee
when I was made hidden,
wrought in the lower parts
of the earth. Lo!
Thine eyes beheld me as
and in Thy book were all,
were all written,
the days they were fashioned,
when there were none.
17 How precious are Thy thoughts,
God, unto me.
How great the sum of them
e'en about me
18 If I count them they're more
than sand by sea.
When I awake I am,
still am with Thee.
19 O God that You would slay,
slay the wicked.
And ye depart from me,
ye men of blood,
20 they that do speak of Thee
They lift up vanity,
21 Do not I hate them, LORD,
that do hate Thee?
And do not I loathe them
that rise 'gainst Thee?
I hate them completely
23 Search me, O God, and know
my heart. Prove me.
And know my worries, Lord,
if there be any way
painful in me.
And lead me in the way
Lead me on the path of
Ruth 3:2 And now, is not Boaz of our kindred, with whose maidens thou wast? Behold, he is winnowing barley in the threshing-floor to-night.
Isaiah 30:24 and the oxen and the asses that till the ground shall eat salted provender, which hath been winnowed with the shovel and with the fan.
41:16 you shall winnow them, and the wind shall carry them away, and the tempest shall scatter them. And you shall rejoice in the LORD; in the Holy One of Israel you shall glory.
Jeremiah 4:11 At that time it will be said to this people and to Jerusalem, "A hot wind from the bare heights in the desert toward the daughter of my people, not to winnow or cleanse,
15:7 I have winnowed them with a winnowing fork in the gates of the land; I have bereaved them; I have destroyed my people; they did not turn from their ways.
51:2 And I will send winnowers to Babylon, Who shall winnow her and empty her land. For in the day of doom They shall be against her all around.
Job 15:3 Reasoning with unprofitable talk, and with speeches which do no good?
22:2 Can a man be profitable to *God? surely it is unto himself that the wise man is profitable.
34:9 For he hath said, It profits not a man if he delight himself in God.
35:3 For thou hast asked of what profit it is unto thee: what do I gain more than if I had sinned?
Ecclesiastes 10:9 Whoso removeth stones is hurt therewith; he that cleaveth wood profits thereby.
Numbers 22:30 And the ass said to Balaam, Am not I thine ass, upon which thou hast ridden ever since I was thine to this day? In my bringing a profit have I ever done so to thee? And he said, No.
Job 22:21 Become useful now with Him, and be at peace: thereby good shall come unto thee.
Romans 8:28 And we know that all things work together for good to those who love God, to those who are the called according to His purpose.
Philippians 1:23 But I am pressed by both, having the desire for departure and being with Christ, for it is very much better,
Micah 7:8 Rejoice not against me, O mine enemy: though I fall, I shall arise; when I sit in darkness, Jehovah shall be a light unto me.
Matthew 6:23 but if thine eye be wicked, thy whole body will be dark. If therefore the light that is in thee be darkness, how great the darkness!
Luke 11:34 The lamp of the body is thine eye: when thine eye is simple, thy whole body also is light; but when it is wicked, thy body also is dark.
35 See therefore that the light which is in thee be not darkness.
36 If therefore thy whole body is light, not having any part dark, it shall be all light as when the lamp lights thee with its brightness.
Ecclesiastes 11:5 As thou knowest not what is the way of the spirit, how the bones grow in the womb of her that is with child, even so thou knowest not the work of God who makes everything.
Psalm 56:8 *Thou* countest my wanderings; put my tears into thy bottle: are they not in thy book?
69:28 Let them be blotted out of the book of the living; let them not be enrolled among the righteous.
Job 14:5 If his days are determined, if the number of his months is with thee, and thou hast appointed his bounds which he must not pass,
Malachi 3:16 Then they that feared Jehovah spoke often one to another; and Jehovah observed it, and heard, and a book of remembrance was written before him for them that feared Jehovah, and that thought upon his name.
;Exodus 32:32 But now, if you will forgive their sin but if not, please blot me out of your book that you have written.
33 But the LORD said to Moses, "Whoever has sinned against me, I will blot out of my book.
Daniel 7:10 A stream of fire issued and came out from before him; a thousand thousands served him, and ten thousand times ten thousand stood before him; the court sat in judgment, and the books were opened.
10:21 But I will tell you what is inscribed in the book of truth: there is none who contends by my side against these except Michael, your prince.
12:1 And at that time shall Michael stand up, the great prince who standeth for the children of thy people; and there shall be a time of distress, such as never was since there was a nation until that time. And at that time thy people shall be delivered, every one that is found written in the book.
;Luke 10:20 Nevertheless, do not rejoice in this, that the spirits are subject to you, but rejoice that your names are written in heaven."
Philippians 4:3 Yes, I ask you also, true companion, help these women, who have labored side by side with me in the gospel together with Clement and the rest of my fellow workers, whose names are in the book of life.
Revelation 3:5 The one who conquers will be clothed thus in white garments, and I will never blot his name out of the book of life. I will confess his name before my Father and before his angels.
13:8 and all who dwell on earth will worship it, everyone whose name has not been written before the foundation of the world in the book of life of the Lamb who was slain.
20:12 And I saw the dead, great and small, standing before the throne, and books were opened. Then another book was opened, which is the book of life. And the dead were judged by what was written in the books, according to what they had done.
15 And if anyone's name was not found written in the book of life, he was thrown into the lake of fire.
21:27 But nothing unclean will ever enter it, nor anyone who does what is detestable or false, but only those who are written in the Lamb's book of life.
- copyright Steve Miller 5/26/2018