Psalm 24 - The King of Glory
This wonderful psalm is full of the mystery of the Triune God becoming man.
- The very God who created the universe became a man in the next verses.
- The only One who meets this qualification is the Messiah, who is God Himself become a Man. This is proved by the words "My Soul". God is talking, and saying that the Messiah's soul is God's soul.
Most Christian translations amend the text to say "his soul" instead of "My soul". The Stone Tanach, Orthodox Jewish translation, keeps "My soul", but changes the meaning of the verb, translating the phrase as: "Who has not sworn in vain by My soul."
The Hebrew verb "nasa" means to lift up, not swear. It is used 654 times and never has the meaning of swear. It is used in the command not to take the Lord's name in vain. There is no instance of taking the Lord's soul in vain, or swearing by the Lord's soul.
It is striking that this Hebrew verb "nasa", lift up, is used 6 times in this short psalm. 1st here in v4, the King of Glory did not lift up God's soul to vanity. 2nd in v5, the King of Glory shall lift up the Lord's blessing and righteousness. Then it is repeated 4 times in v7 & 9 in the command to lift up the heads of the gates and the ancient doors.
- This One who will ascend to the heavens and rise up in God's holy place will uplift both the Lord's blessing (Acts 3:25; etc
) and righteousness (Matt 5:20; etc
). This is the only place in the Old Testament where the verb, nasa
, "lift up", is used to act upon either "blessing" or "righteousness".
- A generation long sought this One who will uplift the LORD's blessing and righteousness. He became a Man to seek the face of the sons of Jacob.
This is another mysterious verse.
The 1st half of the verse seems unamimously translated:
"This is the generation that seeks Him." or
"Such is the generation that seeks Him."
This translation follows the qere, which is a textual amendation suggested by the Masoretes in their margin .The kethib (pre-Masorete) reading says "sought" instead of "that seeks Him".
The difference in meaning is:
The common translation, following the Masorete suggested amendation, says that the virtues described in the previous verses characterize the generation that seeks after God.
My translation, following the pre-Masorete text, says that a generation sought after the One described in the previous verses.
The verb "sought" is plural, but "generation" is singular. Since "generation" is a collective noun it can take a plural verb (Ps 78:6
The 2nd 1/2 of the verse says literally:
"who seek your face, Jacob."
Few (Darby, KJV) translate it this way, because it does not make sense. Why would the generation seek the face of Jacob?
Some (HCSB, NIV, NRSV) amend the text, adding "God of" before "Jacob", following the LXX:
"who seek Your face, O God of Jacob"
Leupold says of this amendation, 'It is unthinkable that the word "God" could have been so carelessly dropped by a scribe'.
Most (Leupold, Goldingay, ASV, JPS, Leeser, NAS, NET, Stone Tanach) translate it as, 'They that seek Thy face are Jacob'. This translation is forced. The antecedent of "thy" in "thy face" should be the adjacent word "Jacob", as it is in verses 7 & 9, "O gates, your heads". God is never addressed in the 2nd person in this psalm.
"Jacob" refers to the untransformed Jewish race. When He lived on earth, Jesus came seeking only Jacob, not other races, but Jacob as a whole did not seek Him.
No other version translates it as I have, probably because the verb "seeks" in "Who seeks your face" is plural. Because it is the Triune God who seeks, He can take a plural verb (Gen 1:26; etc
- I believe this refers to the Messiah ascending to the heavens as a Man (v3a
). The Messiah opened the way for man to come to God, and thus He Himself is the door (John 14:6; etc
The word here for "man" is gibbor,
which means mighty man, valiant man or hero. The word usually refers to a human being, but sometimes to God. I think the places where it refers to God, it is referring to the God-Man, Christ (Isa 9:6; etc
), but Deut 10:17
(quoted in Neh 9:32 & Jer 32:18) does not seem to refer to Christ . Ps 103:20
has been translated by KJV to refer to angels, but that is not necessary, and other versions translate it as "messengers". Gibbor
may not always refer to a human being, but it at least implies a heroic human.
-copyright Steve Miller 2010
Psalm 24 a psalm through David
1 1 All of
the earth, it is the LORD's,
its fu-ullness grea-eat and small,
the world and its inhabitants,
for He created all.
He founded it upon the seas
and laid its foundations
upon the rivers, on the floods,
to be His creation.
2 3 Who shall ascend to the Lord's hill,
the mountain of the Lord?
And who within His holy place
shall rise as conqueror?
The clean of hands and pure of heart,
who unto vanity,
He has not lifted up My soul,
nor sworn deceitfully.
He shall uplift the LORD's blessing
and a-also ri-ighteousness
from the God of His salvation
that others He may bless.
This One a
inquiring after Him,
Who seeks your face, house of Jacob,
to be in His kingdom.
Lift up your heads, O gates, and be
lifte-ed up a-ancient doors.
And King of glory shall come in
where no man's gone before.
The King of glo-ory, who is this?
The LORD strong and a Man,
the LORD a Man mighty in war
to rule o'er earth and heav'n.
5 9 Lift up your heads, O gates, and lift
upwa-ard the a-ancient doors,
and King of glory shall come in
where no man's gone before.
10 Who is He, thi-is King of glory?
The LORD of hosts is He.
'Tis He who is King of glory,
You are the sons of the prophets and of the covenant which God covenanted with your fathers, saying to Abraham, ``And in your seed shall all the families of the earth be blessed
.'' 26 To you first, God, having raised up His Servant, has sent Him to bless you in turning each of you away from your wicked deeds
Ephesians 1:2 Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ. 3 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us with every spiritual blessing in the heavenlies in Christ, 4 Even as He chose us in Him before the foundation of the world to be holy and without blemish before Him in love, 5 Predestinating us unto sonship through Jesus Christ to Himself, according to the good pleasure of His will, 6 To the praise of the glory of His grace, with which He graced us in the Beloved; 7 In whom we have redemption through His blood, the forgiveness of offenses, according to the riches of His grace, 8 Which He caused to abound to us in all wisdom and prudence, 9 Making known to us the mystery of His will according to His good pleasure, which He purposed in Himself, 10 Unto the economy of the fullness of the times, to head up all things in Christ, the things in the heavens and the things on the earth, in Him; 11 In whom also we were designated as an inheritance, having been predestinated according to the purpose of the One who works all things according to the counsel of His will, 12 That we would be to the praise of His glory who have first hoped in Christ.
Galatians 3:13 Christ has redeemed us out of the curse of the law, having become a curse on our behalf; because it is written, ``Cursed is every one hanging on a tree''; 14 In order that the blessing of Abraham might come to the Gentiles in Christ Jesus, that we might receive the promise of the Spirit through faith.
Revelation 5:12 Saying with a loud voice, Worthy is the Lamb who has been slain to receive the power and riches and wisdom and strength and honor and glory and blessing . 13 And every creature which is in heaven and on the earth and under the earth and on the sea and all things in them, I heard saying, To Him who sits upon the throne and to the Lamb be the blessing and the honor and the glory and the might forever and ever.
For I say to you that unless your righteousness surpasses
that of the scribes and Pharisees, you shall by no means enter into the kingdom of the heavens. 21 You have heard that it was said to the ancients, ``You shall not murder, and whoever murders shall be liable to the judgment.'' 22 But I say to you that every one who is angry with his brother shall be liable to the judgment. And whoever says to his brother, Raca, shall be liable to the judgment of the Sanhedrin; and whoever says, Moreh, shall be liable to the Gehenna of fire.
Romans 3:21 But now, apart from the law, the righteousness of God has been manifested, witness being borne to it by the Law and the Prophets; 22 Even the righteousness of God through the faith of Jesus Christ to all those who believe, for there is no distinction; 23 For all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God, 24 Being justified freely by His grace through the redemption which is in Christ Jesus; 25 Whom God set forth as a propitiation place through faith in His blood, for the demonstrating of His righteousness , in that in His forbearance God passed over the sins that had previously occurred, 26 With a view to the demonstrating of His righteousness in the present time, so that He might be righteous and the One who justifies him who is of the faith of Jesus.
4:2 For if Abraham was justified out of works, he has something to boast in, but not before God. 3 For what does the Scripture say? ``And Abraham believed God, and it was accounted to him as righteousness.'' 4 Now to the one who works, his wages are not accounted according to grace, but according to what is due. 5 But to the one who does not work, but believes on Him who justifies the ungodly, his faith is accounted as righteousness. 6 Even as David also speaks blessing on the man to whom God accounts righteousness apart from works: 7 ``Blessed are they whose lawlessnesses have been forgiven, and whose sins have been covered over. 8 Blessed is the man to whom the Lord shall by no means account sin.'' 9 Is this blessing then upon the circumcision only, or also upon the uncircumcision? For we say, Faith was accounted to Abraham as righteousness
5:17 For if by the offense of the one death reigned through the one, much more those who receive the abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness will reign in life through the One, Jesus Christ.
10:4 For Christ is the end of the law unto righteousness to everyone who believes.
2 Corinthians 5:21 Him who did not know sin He made sin on our behalf that we might become the righteousness of God in Him.
Philippians 3:9 And be found in Him, not having my own righteousness which is out of the law, but that which is through faith in Christ, the righteousness which is out of God and based on faith,
And God said, Let us make
man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth.
11:6 And the LORD said, Behold, the people is one, and they have all one language; and this they begin to do: and now nothing will be restrained from them, which they have imagined to do. 7 Go to, let us go down, and there confound their language, that they may not understand one another's speech.
Isaiah 41:21 Produce your cause, saith the LORD; bring forth your strong reasons, saith the King of Jacob. 22 Let them bring them forth, and shew us what shall happen: let them shew the former things, what they be, that we may consider them, and know the latter end of them; or declare us things for to come.
Haggai 2:7 And I will shake all nations, and the Desire of all nations shall come: and I will fill this house with glory, saith the LORD of hosts.
In My Father's house are many abodes; if it were not so, I would have told you; for I go to prepare a place for you. 3 And if I go and prepare a place for you, I am coming again and will receive you to Myself, so that where I am you also may be. 4 And where I am going you know the way. 5 Thomas said to Him, Lord, we do not know where You are going; how can we know the way? 6 Jesus said to him, I am the way
and the reality and the life; no one comes to the Father except through Me
Ephesians 2:18 For through Him we both have access in one Spirit unto the Father.
Hebrews 10:19 Having therefore, brothers, boldness for entering the Holy of Holies in the blood of Jesus, 20 Which entrance He initiated for us as a new and living way through the veil, that is, His flesh,
Psalm 118:18 Jah sore chastened Me,
but unto death, He's not given Me.
19 Open to Me
gates of the just.
I'll enter through them.
I will thank Jah.
20 This is the gate
that leads to the LORD.
Righteous enter it.
21 I will praise You
for You heard me,
and You have become
to me salvation.
22 This, the Stone which the builders refused
is become Head of gentiles and Jews.
23 This came from the
it is in our eyes.
24 This is the day,
that the Lord did it,
We will rejoice,
and be glad in it,
John 10:1 Truly, truly, I say to you, He who does not enter through the door into the sheepfold, but climbs up from somewhere else, he is a thief and a robber; 2 But he who enters through the door is the shepherd of the sheep. 3 To him the doorkeeper opens, and the sheep hear his voice; and he calls his own sheep by name and leads them out. 4 When he puts forth all his own, he goes before them, and the sheep follow him because they know his voice. 5 But they will by no means follow a stranger, but will flee from him, because they do not know the voice of strangers. 6 This parable Jesus spoke to them, but they did not know what those things meant that He spoke to them. 7 Jesus therefore said to them again, Truly, truly, I say to you that I am the door of the sheep. 8 All who came before Me are thieves and robbers, but the sheep did not hear them. 9 I am the door; if anyone enters through Me, he shall be saved and shall go in and go out and shall find pasture. 10 The thief does not come except to steal and kill and destroy; I have come that they may have life and may have it abundantly. 11 I am the good Shepherd; the good Shepherd lays down His life for the sheep.
For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counselor, The mighty God-Man
, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace.
10:21 The remnant shall return, [even] the remnant of Jacob, unto the mighty God-Man.
Zephaniah 3:17 The LORD thy God in the midst of thee [is] a mighty Man
; he will save, he will rejoice over thee with joy; he
will rest in his love, he will joy over thee with singing.
Deuteronomy 10:17 for the LORD your God—He is God of the gods, and Lord of the lords; God, the great, the mighty Man, and the fearful; who accepteth not persons, nor taketh a bribe;
Nehemiah 9:32 ‘And now, O our God—God, the great, the mighty Man, and the fearful, keeping the covenant and the kindness—let not all the travail that hath found us be little before Thee, for our kings, for our heads, and for our priests, and for our prophets, and for our fathers, and for all Thy people, from the days of the kings of Asshur unto this day;
Jeremiah 32:18 Doing kindness to thousands, and recompensing iniquity of fathers into the bosom of their sons after
them; God, the great mighty God-Man
, Lord of Hosts is His name,
Psalm 103:20 Bless the Lord, ye His messengers, mighty men of power doing His word, To hearken to the voice of His Word.
That the generation to come might know them, the children that should be born; that they might rise up and tell them to their children, (Psa 78:6 DBY)
-copyright Steve Miller 2010