Psalm 2 - Why do the nations proudly rage?
The next step in the Christian life is to see the world for what it is, in contrast to Christ for what He is.
The world is the enemy of Christ and God. Christ is the real Possessor of everything good, and the One to fear, and how blessed it is to trust in Him.
"How would Christians cease to look to the governments of the earth and to national enlightenment and progress, as the pillar on which they rest their hopes for the earth's future, if they received the words of Joel, and Zechariah
, and of this Psalm!" - Benjamin Newton
refer to Christ's being persecuted in His incarnation and human life (Acts 4:25-28
According to the verses in Acts 4: "The nations" (Hebrew goim) refers to the Romans. "The peoples" (Hebrew lumim) refers to the groups of people within Israel, i.e. the Sadducees, Pharisees, and Herodians. The kings and rulers refer to Herod and Pilate.
The Lord shall laugh at them because they have accomplished His purpose in killing Christ. (1 Cor 2:7-8
- "Then" means "after this". The Lord, Christ, will speak to these rebellers against His yoke in anger when He returns.
v 6 "
poured out" refers to Christ's laying down His life for us (2Tim. 4:6
referring to Paul's martyrdom). "Poured out" is the most literal translation of the Hebrew word, nasach
. KJV translated it as "set" which it does not mean. Darby & YLT translated it as "anointed", which it also does not mean.
The word "I" is emphatic in the Hebrew. The meaning is "I, Myself" or "I, even I". Even though the rulers of this age put the Lord to death, it was actually God Himself who did it (Isa 53:10
v 7 -
"This day have I begotten Thee" refers to the Lord's resurrection. (Acts 13:33
v 8 -
God tells the Messiah to ask for 2 things:
1) the nations for Your inheritance
2) the uttermost parts of the earth for Your possession
The nations who are the Messiah's inheritance are the Gentile Christians. It is a great thing for the Gentiles to be the Messiah's inheritance! His inheritance is the most valuable thing He owns (1 Kg 21:3; Ps 127:3;136:21-22; Eccl 7:11
). Throughout the Old Testament, Israel is repeatedly called the Lord's inheritance, especially in the Psalms. (Isa 19:25; Exo 34:9; Deut 9:26, 29; etc.
) These are those Gentiles and Jews who believe into Jesus during the church age. They become His inheritance (Eph 1:11-12,18
). The Gentile Christians are to be joint-heirs of God with Israel (Eph 3:3-6
The uttermost parts of the earth also refer to Gentiles, but these are the millennium Gentiles, who are different from Christians. These are the nations who are judged to be righteous at the Lord's return (Matt 25:32-40
The Messiah will possess the uttermost parts of the earth at his coming back (Rev 11:15
In all the Old Testament Prophecies concerning the Messiah, there is this 2,000 year gap between His 1st and 2nd comings.
- These are good instructions for the rulers and judges in exercising their earthly authority:
1. Serve the Lord with fear
2. Rejoice with trembling
3. Kiss the Son lest He be angry
4. Trust the Son
A Christian kisses the Son because he loves Him because He gave up His life for us. But a political leader kisses the Son lest He be angry.
The word for "Son" here is bar
, not the usual word, ben
, which is used in verse 7. Bar
is the Aramaic equivalent to the Hebrew word, ben
, and is used in the Aramaic parts of the Old Testament just as ben
is used in the Hebrew parts (Ezra 5:1; etc
is also used in the Hebrew of the Old Testament in Prov 31:
It is hard to say why bar
is used here rather than ben
. It may be that bar
is used because Gentile rulers are addressed. The only other place in the Hebrew part of the Bible that uses the word bar
, Prov 31:
2, was written by King Lemuel, who apparently was a wise Gentile king. Leupold points out a possibility that in the poetry of the Psalm, bar
may have been used in order "to avoid the dissonance of ben pen
is the Hebrew word for "lest", which immediately follows the word for "Son".)
But his citizens hated him and sent an envoy after him, saying, We do not want this man to reign over us.
That God has fully fulfilled this promise to us their children in raising up Jesus, as it is also written in the second Psalm, ``You are My Son; today I have begotten You.''
And he who overcomes and he who keeps My works until the end, to him I will give authority over the nations; 27 And he will shepherd them with an iron rod, as vessels of pottery are broken in pieces, as I also have received from My Father;
Rev 12:3-5 And another sign was seen in heaven; and behold, there was a great red dragon, having seven heads and ten horns, and on his heads seven diadems. 4 And his tail drags away the third part of the stars of heaven, and he cast them to the earth. And the dragon stood before the woman who was about to bring forth, so that when she brings forth he might devour her child. 5 And she brought forth a son, a man-child, who is to shepherd all the nations with an iron rod; and her child was caught up to God and to His throne.
-Steve Miller updated 5/3/09
Why have nations so
and the peoples think vanity?
2 The kings of earth, they take their stand,
and rulers sat in company
2 against the LORD, against His Christ:
, Let us Their bonds tear up,
and cast away Their yoke from us.
We will not have Them rule o'er us.(3.1)
In heaven He that sits shall laugh.
The Lord has them in ridicule.
Then shall He speak to them in wrath,
and trouble them in displeasure.
And I, Myself, poured out My King
upon Zion, My holy mount.
Jehovah said unto Me,
this sure decree, I will recount:
5 "Thou art My Son; this day have I,
I, even I, begotten Thee."
God's raising up His Son Jesus,
fulfilled this word to you and me.(7.1)
"Ask of Me, and I shall give Thee
Thine inheritance, the nations,
and the uttermost parts of earth
shall be for Thine own possession.
Thou shalt rule them with iron rod.
You'll shatter them like pottery."
He that o'ercomes unto the end,
he shall have this authority. (9.1)
Be wise therefore, now O ye kings:
Judges of earth, do learn this thing.
In fear, the LORD serve and rejoice,
being sober with trembl-ing.
Kiss the Son lest He be angry,
and from the way, perish you must,
when His wrath burns but a little.
Bless-ed are all who in Him trust.
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Who, through the Holy Spirit, through the mouth of our father David Your servant, has said, ``Why did the Gentiles rage, and the peoples devise vain things? 26 The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers were gathered together against the Lord and against His Christ.'' 27 For truly in this city there were gathered together against Your holy Servant Jesus, whom You anointed, both Herod and Pontius Pilate, with the Gentiles and the peoples of Israel, 28 To do what Your hand and Your counsel predestined to take place.
1 Corinthians 2:4-8
And my speech and my proclamation were not in persuasive words of wisdom but in demonstration of the Spirit and of power, 5 In order that your faith would not stand in the wisdom of men but in the power of God. 6 But we do speak wisdom among those who are full-grown, yet a wisdom not of this age nor of the rulers of this age, who are being brought to nought; 7 But we speak God's wisdom in a mystery, the wisdom which has been hidden, which God predestined before the ages for our glory , 8 Which none of the rulers of this age have known; for if they had known, they would not have crucified the Lord of glory ;
2 Timothy 4:6
For I am already being poured out, and the time of my departure is at hand.
Isaiah 53:10 Yet it pleased Jehovah to bruise Him; He hath put Him to grief: when Thou shalt make His soul an offering for sin, He shall see a seed, He shall prolong His days, and the pleasure of Jehovah shall prosper in His hand.
1 Kings 21:3
And Naboth said to Ahab, Jehovah forbid it me, that I should give the inheritance
of my fathers to thee!
Psalms 127:3 Lo, children are an inheritance from Jehovah, and the fruit of the womb a reward.
Psalms 136:21-22 And gave their land for an inheritance, for his loving-kindness endureth for ever,
22 An inheritance unto Israel his servant, for his loving-kindness endureth for ever:
Ecclesiastes 7:11 Wisdom is as good as an inheritance, and profitable to them that see the sun.
whom Jehovah of hosts will bless, saying, Blessed be Egypt my people, and Assyria the work of my hands, and Israel mine inheritance
Exodus 34:9 and said, If indeed I have found grace in thine eyes, Lord, let the Lord, I pray thee, go in our midst; for it is a stiff-necked people; and pardon our iniquity and our sin, and take us for an inheritance!
Deuteronomy 9:26 I prayed therefore to Jehovah, and said, Lord Jehovah, destroy not thy people and thine inheritance, which thou hast redeemed through thy greatness, which thou hast brought forth out of Egypt with a powerful hand.
29 They are indeed thy people and thine inheritance, which thou broughtest out with thy great power and with thy stretched-out arm.
1 Samuel 10:1 Then Samuel took the vial of oil, and poured it upon his head, and kissed him, and said, Is it not because Jehovah has anointed thee prince over his inheritance?
26:19 And now, I pray thee, let my lord the king hear the words of his servant. If Jehovah have moved thee against me, let him accept an oblation; but if the sons of men, cursed be they before Jehovah; for they have driven me out this day from adhering to the inheritance of Jehovah, saying, Go, serve other gods.
2 Samuel 14:16 For the king will hear, to deliver his handmaid out of the hand of the man that would destroy me and my son together out of the inheritance of God.
20:19 I am peaceable and faithful in Israel: thou seekest to destroy a city and a mother in Israel. Why wilt thou swallow up the inheritance of Jehovah?
21:3 And David said to the Gibeonites, What shall I do for you? and with what shall I make atonement, that ye may bless the inheritance of Jehovah?
1 Kings 8:51 (for they are thy people, and thine inheritance, which thou broughtest forth out of Egypt, from the midst of the furnace of iron) -
53 For thou hast separated them from among all peoples of the earth, to be thine inheritance, as thou spokest through Moses thy servant, when thou broughtest our fathers out of Egypt, O Lord Jehovah.
2 Kings 21:14 And I will forsake the remnant of mine inheritance, and deliver them into the hand of their enemies; and they shall become a prey and a spoil to all their enemies;
Psalms 28:9 Save thy people, and bless thine inheritance; and feed them, and lift them up for ever.
33:12 Blessed is the nation whose God is Jehovah, the people that he hath chosen for his inheritance!
68:9 Thou, O God, didst pour a plentiful rain upon thine inheritance, and when it was weary thou strengthened it.
74:2 Remember thine assembly, which thou hast purchased of old, which thou hast redeemed to be the portion of thine inheritance, this mount Zion, wherein thou hast dwelt.
78:62 And delivered up his people unto the sword, and was very wroth with his inheritance:
71 From following the suckling-ewes, he brought him to feed Jacob his people, and Israel his inheritance.
79:1 <<A Psalm of Asaph.>> O God, the nations are come into thine inheritance: thy holy temple have they defiled; they have laid Jerusalem in heaps.
94:5 They crush thy people, O Jehovah, and afflict thine inheritance;
14 For Jehovah will not cast off his people, neither will he forsake his inheritance;
106:5 That I may see the prosperity of thy chosen ones, that I may rejoice in the joy of thy nation, that I may glory with thine inheritance.
40 Then was the anger of Jehovah kindled against his people, and he abhorred his inheritance;
Isaiah 47:6 I was wroth with my people, I polluted mine inheritance, and gave them into thy hand: thou didst shew them no mercy; upon the aged didst thou very heavily lay thy yoke;
Isaiah 63:17 Why, O Jehovah, hast thou made us to err from thy ways, hast hardened our heart from thy fear? Return for thy servants' sake, the tribes of thine inheritance.
Jeremiah 2:7 And I brought you into a fruitful land, to eat the fruit thereof and the good thereof; and ye entered and defiled my land, and made my heritage an abomination.
12:7-9 I have forsaken my house, I have cast off my heritage, I have given the beloved of my soul into the hand of her enemies.
8 My heritage is become unto me as a lion in the forest; it hath raised its voice against me: therefore have I hated it.
9 My heritage is unto me as a speckled bird of prey; the birds of prey round about are against her. Go, assemble all the beasts of the field, bring them to devour.
Jeremiah 16:18 But first I will recompense their iniquity and their sin double, because they have profaned my land with the carcases of their detestable things, and with their abominations have they filled mine inheritance.
50:11 For ye rejoiced, for ye triumphed, ye plunderers of my heritage; for ye have been wanton as the heifer at grass, and neighed as steeds.
51:19 The portion of Jacob is not like them; for it is he that hath formed all things: and Israel is the rod of his inheritance: Jehovah of hosts is his name.
Joel 2:17 Let the priests, the ministers of Jehovah, weep between the porch and the altar, and let them say, Spare, O Jehovah, thy people, and give not thine inheritance to reproach, that they should be a byword of the nations. Wherefore should they say among the peoples, Where is their God?
3:2 I will also gather all the nations, and will bring them down into the valley of Jehoshaphat, and I will enter into judgment with them there on account of my people and mine inheritance, Israel, whom they have scattered among the nations: and they have parted my land;
Micah 7:14 Feed thy people with thy rod, the flock of thine inheritance, dwelling alone in the forest, in the midst of Carmel: let them feed in Bashan and Gilead, as in the days of old.
18 Who is a God like unto thee, that forgives iniquity, and passeth by the transgression of the remnant of his heritage? He retains not his anger for ever, because he delighteth in loving-kindness.
In whom also we were designated as an inheritance
, having been predestinated according to the purpose of the One who works all things according to the counsel of His will, 12 That we would be to the praise of His glory who have first hoped in Christ.
18 The eyes of your heart having been enlightened, that you may know what is the hope of His calling, and what are the riches of the glory of His inheritance in the saints,
And the seventh angel trumpeted; and there were loud voices in heaven, saying, The kingdom of the world has become the kingdom of our Lord and of His Christ, and He will reign forever and ever.
And all the nations will be gathered before Him, and He will separate them from one another, just as the shepherd separates the sheep from the goats. 33 And He will set the sheep on His right hand and the goats on the left. 34 Then the King will say to those on His right hand, Come, you who are blessed of My Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world. 35 For I was hungry and you gave Me something to eat; I was thirsty and you gave Me a drink; I was a stranger and you took Me in, 36 Naked and you clothed Me; I was sick and you visited Me; I was in prison and you came to Me. 37 Then the righteous will answer Him, saying, Lord, when have we seen You hungry and have fed You, or thirsty and have given You a drink? 38 And when have we seen You a stranger and have taken You in, or naked and have clothed You? 39 And when have we seen You sick or in prison and have come to You? 40 And the King will answer and say to them, Truly I say to you, Inasmuch as you have done it to one of these, the least of My brothers, you have done it to Me.
And out of His mouth proceeds a sharp sword, that with it He might smite the nations ; and He will shepherd them with an iron rod; and He treads the winepress of the fury of the wrath of God the
2:26-27 And he who overcomes and he who keeps My works until the end, to him I will give authority over the nations; 27 And he will shepherd them with an iron rod, as vessels of pottery are broken in pieces, as I also have received from My Father;
12:3-5 And another sign was seen in heaven; and behold, there was a great red dragon, having seven heads and ten horns, and on his heads seven diadems. 4 And his tail drags away the third part of the stars of heaven, and he cast them to the earth. And the dragon stood before the woman who was about to bring forth, so that when she brings forth he might devour her child. 5 And she brought forth a son, a man-child, who is to shepherd all the nations with an iron rod; and her child was caught up to God and to His throne.
And they sing the song of Moses, the slave of God, and the song of the Lamb, saying, Great and wonderful are Your works, Lord God the Almighty! Righteous and true are Your ways, O King of the nations ! 4 Who will not fear, O Lord, and glorify Your name? For You alone are holy; for all the nations will come and worship before You, for Your righteous judgments have been manifested.
20:3 And cast him into the abyss and shut it and sealed it over him, that he might not deceive the nations any longer until the thousand years were completed; after these things he must be loosed for a little while.
Zechariah 14:16-19 And it shall come to pass, that all that are left of all the nations which came against Jerusalem shall go up from year to year to worship the King, Jehovah of hosts, and to celebrate the feast of tabernacles.
17 And it shall be, that whoso goeth not up of the families of the earth unto Jerusalem to worship the King, Jehovah of hosts, upon them shall be no rain.
18 And if the family of Egypt go not up, and come not, neither shall it be upon them; there shall be the plague, wherewith Jehovah will smite the nations that go not up to celebrate the feast of tabernacles.
19 This shall be the punishment of Egypt, and the punishment of all the nations that go not up to celebrate the feast of tabernacles.
Revelation 20:7-8 And when the thousand years are completed, Satan will be released from his prison 8 And will go out to deceive the nations which are in the four corners of the earth, Gog and Magog, to gather them together for the war. Their number is like that of the sand of the sea.
21:23-26 And the city has no need of the sun or of the moon that they should shine in it, for the glory of God illumined it, and its lamp is the Lamb. 24 And the nations will walk by its light; and the kings of the earth bring their glory into it. 25 And its gates shall by no means be shut by day, for there will be no night there. 26 And they will bring the glory and the honor of the nations into it.
22:2 And on this side and on that side of the river was the tree of life, producing twelve fruits, yielding its fruit each month; and the leaves of the tree are for the healing of the nations.
That by revelation the mystery was made known to me, as I have written previously in brief, 4 By which, in reading it, you can perceive my understanding in the mystery of Christ, 5 Which in other generations was not made known to the sons of men, as it has now been revealed to His holy apostles and prophets in spirit, 6 That in Christ Jesus the Gentiles are fellow heirs and fellow members of the Body and fellow partakers of the promise through the gospel,
Amos 9:11-12 In that day will I raise up the tabernacle of David that is fallen, and close up the breaches thereof; and I will raise up his ruins, and I will build it as in the days of old: 12 That they may possess the remnant of Edom, and of all the Gentiles, which are called by my name, saith the LORD that doeth this.
Acts 15:13 And when they finished speaking, James answered, saying, Men, brothers, listen to me. 14 Simeon has related how God first visited the Gentiles to take out from them a people for His name. 15 And with this the words of the prophets agree, even as it is written, 16 ``After these things I will return, and I will rebuild the tabernacle of David which has fallen; and I will rebuild its ruins and erect it again, 17 So that the remainder of men may seek out the Lord, even all the Gentiles upon whom My name has been called, 18 Says the Lord, who is making these things known from of old.''
Then the prophets, Haggai the prophet, and Zechariah the son
of Iddo, prophesied unto the Jews that were
in Judah and Jerusalem in the name of the God of Israel, even
Ezra 5:2 Then rose up Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, and Jeshua the son of Jozadak, and began to build the house of God which is at Jerusalem: and with them were the prophets of God helping them.
Ezra 6:14 And the elders of the Jews builded, and they prospered through the prophesying of Haggai the prophet and Zechariah the son of Iddo. And they builded, and finished it, according to the commandment of the God of Israel, and according to the commandment of Cyrus, and Darius, and Artaxerxes king of Persia.
Daniel 3:25 He answered and said, Lo, I see four men loose, walking in the midst of the fire, and they have no hurt; and the form of the fourth is like the Son of God.
Daniel 5:22 And thou his son, O Belshazzar, hast not humbled thine heart, though thou knewest all this;
Daniel 5:31 And Darius the Median took the kingdom, being the son of threescore and two years.
Daniel 7:13 I saw in the night visions, and, behold, one like the Son of man came with the clouds of heaven, and came to the Ancient of days, and they brought him near before him.
Proverbs 31:1 The words of king Lemuel, the prophecy that his mother taught him.
2 What, my son? and what, the son of my womb? and what, the son of my vows?
Then shall the LORD go forth, and fight against those nations, as when he fought in the day of battle.
4 And his feet shall stand in that day upon the mount of Olives, which is before Jerusalem on the east, and the mount of Olives shall cleave in the midst thereof toward the east and toward the west, and there shall be a very great valley; and half of the mountain shall remove toward the north, and half of it toward the south.
5 And ye shall flee to the valley of the mountains; for the valley of the mountains shall reach unto Azal: yea, ye shall flee, like as ye fled from before the earthquake in the days of Uzziah king of Judah: and the LORD my God shall come, and all the saints with thee.
Joel 3:12 Let the heathen be wakened, and come up to the valley of Jehoshaphat: for there will I sit to judge all the heathen round about.
13 Put ye in the sickle, for the harvest is ripe: come, get you down; for the press is full, the fats overflow; for their wickedness is great.
14 Multitudes, multitudes in the valley of decision: for the day of the LORD is near in the valley of decision.
I will go unto the great men, and will speak unto them; for they know the way of Jehovah, the judgment of their God; but these have altogether broken the yoke, have burst the bonds.
-Steve Miller updated 4/24/09