Ps 110 - The LORD said to My Lord
Martin Luther said this was the greatest psalm, but I had a very difficult time getting it to be enjoyable. I had used tune #1102
"The Lord said unto my Lord", which is a fighting tune, but when I would sing it, it just seemed doctrinal. Years later, while singing it, I felt that this psalm motivates us unto consecration today during the time while the Lord's foes seem to be ruling. Then I changed the tune to Fresh as the Dew of the Morning
(which is based on and uses the tune of Whispering Hope
), and I felt the tender inspiration of the Psalm came out a bit.
Structure of this Psalm
I. The Father speaking about Christ's ministry in the church age vv 1-4
A. Sitting at the right hand of the Father - v1
1. Until the Father makes His enemies a footstool for His feet. - v1
B. Ruling over His willing consecrated people while His foes seem to be in control - vv 2-3
C. Through the Holy Spirit, the dew - v3
D. As High Priest according to Melchizedek forever - v4
II. David's speaking about Christ's 2nd coming vv 5-7
A. Fight His enemies physically - vv 5-6
B. Judge the earth - v6
C. With the Spirit of power, the torrent - v7
1. to head up all things - v7
When I had been saved for about a year, when I came home from college for Thanksgiving, my Mom invited a Chabad rabbi to our home and he invited me to spend the Sabbath at his house. At that time I thought that I knew a lot of the Bible and could win any argument that the Old Testament predicted that Jesus was the Messiah.
But every argument that I brought up to the rabbi he slaughtered. That is because I knew very little and had not studied the contexts of these prophesies. Then I remembered how in Matthew 22
Jesus brought up Psalm 110:1, and that silenced all His opposition. So I brought up Jesus' question, How is it that David calls the Messiah, "my Lord", when the Messiah is the descendant of David? The rabbi laughed at this argument, as he did at all my arguments, and said, 'This psalm was not written by
David, but was written by someone else to
David.' He said that the relatively rare psalm preamble
, "le David mizmor" (to/of David, a psalm) means that it was written to
David (There is no basis at all for this based on the Bible usage of the phrase.), whereas the much more common "mizmor le David" (a psalm to/of David) means that it was written by
David. That totally surprised me. I asked him if there was any possibility that Psalm 110 was written by
David, and he said that there was no possibility of that at all. I asked how he knew that, and he said that everyone knows that. (I should have asked how "everyone" knew that.) I thought I was slaughtered again. I was wondering how Paul could have beaten all the Jews
in proving that Jesus was the Messiah if all the Christian OT interpretations had such problems. So I looked at the rest of Ps 110, and I asked concerning v4
, Then how could David be a priest according to the order of Melchizedek? The rabbi looked up the cross references, and they were no help. Then he went to the writings of the greatest rabbi of all, Rashi. He read to me what Rashi wrote about this Psalm. Rashi said that Psalm 110 was written by David to Abraham. I stopped him there, Psalm 110 was written by whom? You said that it was impossible that Ps 110 was written by David. He was ashamed because He had spoken so confidently that it was an established fact that this Psalm had not been written by David, and here the top Rabbi understands that it is written by David. Even though I had lost all the other arguments, this made it seem that I had won overall. The rabbi then told my mother that he needed to kidnap me for a month in order to un-brainwash me, but my mother would not agree to that. When I went back to college, I studied all the passages again in light of the rabbi's arguments and found the obvious fallacies in his arguments, and the more difficult answers to them.
- I am following the KJV convention to translate the Hebrew name of God, Jehovah, as "the LORD" to show the difference between God the Father and the Messiah, my Lord, throughout this psalm.
v1a is David's speaking. Then vv 1b-4 are the Father's speaking.
This is the most quoted verse in the New Testament 21x (Matt 22:41; etc
). The second most quoted is Lev 19:18 to love your neighbor as yourself, which is quoted 9x.
The Messiah is sitting at God's right hand during the church age while His foes are still active. God the Father will make the Messiah's foes a footstool for His feet.
- During the church age, the day of His army, God extends the strong staff of the Messiah's rule from Zion to the whole earth through the strong preaching of the gospel (Mk 16:19-20
). During this time, His foes seem to control the earth, and He rules His people in the midst of His foes. Zion is both the physical Zion in Israel where the Messiah's kingdom on earth began, and the spiritual Zion, which is the church (Heb 12:22; Rom 11:26
As is common, Jehovah speaks of Himself in the 3rd person using the name "Jehovah".
The Hebrew word "rule" means to "have dominion". It is 1st used in Gen 1:26,28
As God is sending forth the staff of Christ's strength to all the earth, we should pray and labor for this. The staff that God sends is of Christ's strength. We should pray for strong salvations, strong gospel preaching, strong testimonies, strong Christian living and strong churches established. The strength is in being under Christ's rule, in being fully offered to Him.
- Charles Spurgeon said of this verse, "Never verse in the Scripture has puzzled me more than this to find out its meaning and its connection." (Sermon on Psalm 110:3 "A Willing People and an Immutable Leader")
His wife writes in his autobiography:
"An extraordinary incident occurred in this early period of our history. One Saturday evening, my dear husband was deeply perplexed by the difficulties presented by a text on which he desired to preach the next morning. It was in Psalm. 110:3, ... and, with his usual painstaking
preparation, he consulted all the Commentaries he then possessed, seeking light from the Holy Spirit upon their words and his own thoughts; but, as it seemed, in vain. I was as much distressed as he was, but I could not help him in such an emergency. At least, I thought I could not; but the Lord had a great favor in store for me, and used me to deliver His servant out of his serious embarrassment. He sat up very late, and was utterly worn out and dispirited, for all his efforts to get at the heart of the text were unavailing. I advised him to retire to rest, and soothed him by suggesting that, if he would try to sleep then, he would probably in the morning feel quite refreshed, and able to study to better purpose. “If I go to sleep now, wifey, will you wake me very early, so that I may have plenty of time to prepare?” With my loving assurance that I would watch the time for him, and call him soon enough, he was satisfied; and, like a trusting, tired child, he laid his head upon the pillow, and slept soundly and sweetly at once.
By-and-by, a wonderful thing happened. During the first dawning hours of the Sabbath, I heard him talking in his sleep, and roused myself to listen attentively. Soon, I realized that he was going over the subject of the verse which had been so obscure to him, and was giving a clear and distinct exposition of its meaning, with much force and freshness. I set myself with almost trembling joy, to understand and follow all that he was saying, for I knew that, if I could but seize and remember the salient: points of the discourse, he would have no difficulty in developing and enlarging upon them. Never preacher had a more eager and anxious hearer! What if I should let the precious words slip? I had no means at hand of “taking notes,” so, like Nehemiah, “I prayed to the God of Heaven,” and asked that I might receive and retain the thoughts which He had given to His servant in his sleep, and which were so singularly entrusted to my keeping. As I lay, repeating over and over again the chief points I wished to remember, my happiness was very great in anticipation of his surprise and delight on awaking; but I had kept vigil so long, cherishing my .joy, that I must have been overcome with slumber just when the usual time for rising came, for he awoke with a frightened start, and seeing the tell-tale clock, said, “Oh, wiley, you said you would wake me very early, and now see the time! Oh, why did you let me sleep? What shall I do? What shall I do? ....
Listen, beloved,” I answered; and I told him all I had heard. “Why! that’s just what I wanted,” he exclaimed; “that is the true explanation of the whole verse! And you say I preached it in my sleep? .... It is wonderful,” he repeated again and again, and we both praised the Lord for so remarkable a manifestation of His power and love. Joyfully my dear one went down to his study, and prepared this God-given sermon, and it was delivered that same morning, April 13, 1856, at New Park Street Chapel. ... Its opening paragraph gives the dear preacher’s own account of the difficulty he experienced in dealing with the text. Naturally, he refrained from telling the congregation the specific details which I have here recorded; but, many years after, he told the tale to his students at one of their ever-to-be-remembered Friday afternoon gatherings, and some of them still keep it fresh in their memories."
Spurgeon's sermon on this verse emphasized the willing beautiful consecration of Christ's people and Christ's ever freshness.
Christ's people are those who consecrate themselves willingly to Him. They consecrate themselves to Him willingly (Rom 12:1; etc
) while in the midst of His foes. This qualifies them to be His army (Rev 17:14; etc
) and is gloriously beautiful (Rom 14:15, etc
). He rules over them, and through them He rules the world today.
The day of His army is the church age culminating in the day He returns to earth with His army of saints. Then He will rule over all, whether they are willing or not.
The last sentence of v3, as I have translated it, requires that Jehovah is still speaking here.
The 2nd 1/2 of this verse, I think, is the hardest verse to translate in the Bible. Calvin says, "It would not be for edification to recount all the interpretations which have been given of this clause." Most literally it says:
From the womb, from the dawn, to You is dew, I have begotten You.
Most translate the 1st phrase here as "From the womb of the dawn", but that is wrong because both "womb" and "dawn" have the preposition "from". The Hebrew word "from the dawn" is mi-shachar, where mi is the preposition, "from" and shachar means dawn. Translators that translate this phrase as "from the womb of the dawn" have invented a new word mishachar used only in this verse to mean "dawn" without the preposition. This is not reasonable.
The last phrase, "I have begotten You" is pointed in the MT to say, "Your childhood". The points here are not part of the inspired text. I believe that the meaning here is "I have begotten You", not "Your childhood" because:
1. The LXX translated this word as "I have begotten You".
2. The consonants here are exactly the same as Psalm 2:7
. Psalm 2
is also a prophetic Messianic psalm by David, quite similar to this Psalm.
3. "Your childhood" does not make sense here. Since "childhood" does not make sense here, it is usually translated as "Your youth", but the Hebrew word here is yeled, "childhood", elementary school age, not what we today mean by "youth", a young man, Hebrew naar.
4. It follows the phrase, "from the womb".
The phrase "from the womb" at the beginning of the sentence is strongly connected to "I have begotten You" at the sentence's end. Thus the whole 2nd 1/2 of v3 is one sentence. The basic sentence is, "From the womb I have begotten You." This refers to Christ's resurrection from the dead
(Acts 13:33; Ps 2:7
). Jehovah begot Jesus, the Son of Man, to be the 1stborn Son of God on the day of resurrection . The womb was death (Col 1:18
In between the phrases "From the womb" and "I have begotten You" is "from dawn to You dew".
"Dawn" is strongly connected to "dew", just as "womb" to "I have begotten You." "Dawn" means the beginning of a new age, which is "the day of Your army" in the 1st 1/2 of this verse. This is the New Testament age, when Christ rules over His willing people in the midst of His foes.
The Dew is the Holy Spirit (Ps 133:3; etc
) through Whom Christ resurrected (Rom 8:11
) and Whom Christ sent in resurrection (John 14:26
) when God the Father begot Him as the 1stborn Son.
It is only by the Holy Spirit that Christ's people can be freewill offerings to Him in the glorious beauty of consecration (Rom 15:16
). We receive the Spirit by obeying Christ (Acts 5:32
From the sentence structure, "from the womb" not only modifies "I have begotten You", but also "to You is the dew". Similarly "from the dawn" modifies not only "to You is the dew", but also "I have begotten You".
The only way to put all this meaning in English is to make it into 2 sentences as I have done.
In Peter's message at Pentecost, he says that at Christ's resurrection, God exalted Christ to God's right hand whence Christ received the promise of the Holy Spirit from the Father (Acts 2:31-35
The book of Hebrews puts together Christ sitting at the right hand of God (v1
) with the Father's begetting Christ in resurrection (Ps 2:7
; Heb 1:4, 13
), and also puts together the Father begetting Christ on the day of resurrection with His being made Priest according to the order of Melchizedek (Heb 5:5-6
Dew symbolizes the life-giving, gracious and gentle aspects of the Spirit. This is the major characteristic of the Spirit during the church age. The Spirit is also of power, but that is mainly for the next age (Heb 6:5
), of which the symbol is a torrent (v7
). ref. Isa 26:19; Eph 5:14
In the church age, the Messiah is forming His army. The weapon of this army is the Spirit as the gentle Dew. Based on Christ sitting at the right hand of God, and God sending forth the staff of Christ's strength to rule, we pray. When we pray, we must always be paying attention to the gentle Spirit within us and within others.
- This could not refer to David because David was king, not a priest. There is no place in the Bible where David or any King of Israel is called a priest, except for the Messiah (Zech 6:13
The priesthood given to the Messiah here is much greater than the Aaronic priesthood because:
1. Melchizedek was much greater than Abraham the father of all of Israel including Aaron, because Melchizedek blessed Abraham, and Abraham gave Melchizedek a tenth of the spoils (Heb 7:1-10
2. He is a priest forever. Aaronic High priests served until their death (Heb 7:8
3. He is made a priest by the Lord's oath, but the Aaronic priests were made priests without the Lord's oath (Heb 7:20-22
The Stone Tanach orthodox Jewish translation explains this verse: "The function of Jewish kinghood is truly one of priesthood - the drawing of God's people closer to His service."
Then why would God swear to this? God swears to something so that we will be fully assured it will happen (Heb 6:13
-19). And why would God say that, You are a priest forever
It says literally "according to the word about
Melchizedek," that is, according to what is written about Melchizedek in Gen 14. Melchizedek interceded for Abraham when he fought against 4 kings to rescue Lot, his brother's son. Melchizedek blessed Abraham of the Most High God, and ministered to him bread and wine (Gen 14:8-20
), which are signs of Christ's body and blood shed for us.
When we fight for our brothers and fellow men by means of prayer with the gentle Spirit, Christ as the High Priest intercedes for us in our prayer and ministers Himself as life and cleansing forgiveness to us.
Since Christ is priest according to the order of Melchizedek, and not Aaron, then the ritual laws of the Old Testament, given under the priesthood of Aaron, do not apply to us in the New Covenant. (Moral laws are unchangeable and still apply.) (Hebrews 7:12
- This verse continues David's speaking in v1a. He uses the same words "my Lord" and God's "right hand".
The 1st 4 verses took place at the Messiah's resurrection. These last 3 take place at His 2nd coming. Almost every prophecy of Christ in the Old Testament presents Christ's 2nd coming as if it was right after His 1st coming, skipping over the approximately 2,000 year gap in between. This gap is called "the times of the Gentiles" (Lk 21:24; etc
). It is the time outside of the 70 weeks given to Israel (Daniel's 70 weeks
The 1st 4 verses were spoken by God to the Messiah, but verses 5-7 are David speaking to God about the Messiah. "Your right hand" is God the Father's right hand from v1.
The word for "Lord" here is Adonai, the same word as "my Lord" in v1 (, but pointed differently by the MT scribes). Thus "the Lord" or "my Lord" in v5 refers back to "my Lord", the Messiah in v1.
The 2nd person pronoun in each of the 1st 4 verses refers to the Messiah. Verses 5-7 clearly are not spoken to the Messiah because of all the 3rd person pronouns referring Christ. I believe verses 5-7 are spoken by David to the Father because he addresses the Father in the 2nd person with "Your right hand".
- The dead are the ones who fight against Christ at the battle of Armageddon.
The one who is head over much of earth is Satan. He is not head over all the earth because he is not head over the Christians or faithful Jews or righteous gentiles. The Messiah has already destroyed him by His death (Heb 2:14
) on the cross.
- The Torrent is the River of Water of Life in the New Jerusalem (Rev 22:1
). The Way is Christ (Jn 14:6
). In the Way there is the mighty flowing Torrent of water of life.
What does this have to do with all the fighting in verses 5-6?
I think v7 is the conclusion of the whole Psalm. It takes place after Armageddon in the previous verse, but also today in a foretaste.
The Head is Christ, by Whom the Father heads up all things to the church (Eph 1:10; etc
). Christ the true Head is in contrast to the head over much of the earth in v6
, who is either satan or the beast who is often called the antichrist (2 Thes 2:8
-added Spurgeon story on v3 12/9/2018
-changed tune 6/26/2017
-copyright Steve Miller 4/22/10
Psalm 110 through David, a Psalm
(tune #708 Whispering Hope (
or Fresh as the Dew of the Morning) 22.214.171.124.D.10.10)
mp3 file from hymnal.net
The LORD declared unto my Lord,
"At My right hand You shall sit
until I make all of Your foes
a footstool just
for Your feet.
The LORD sends forth out from Zion
the staff of Your strength, O King.
in the midst of Your foes,
Your people willing,
free-will off'rings in day of Your army,
in beauty of consecra-tion holy.
2 From the womb, from the new dawning,
unto You there is the Dew.
From the womb, from the new dawning,
I've begotten You."
The LORD has sworn and He will not,
and He will not change His mind,
'You are a high Priest forever
after Melchizedek's kind,' "
King of Peace and Righteousness, so able
to save us now by Your life to the full.
My Lord sitting
at Your right hand
has struck through kings in His wrath
in the day of His fierce
He comes to
judge the earth.
He will have filled up completely
the vast number of the dead.
He will have struck through the one who
over much of earth is head.
He shall drink from the Torrent in the Way.
For this cause He'll Head up all things all days.
Now while the Pharisees were gathered together, Jesus questioned them, 42 Saying, What do you think concerning the Christ? Whose son is He? They said to Him, David's. 43 He said to them, How then does David in spirit call Him Lord, saying, 44 ``The Lord said to my Lord, Sit at My right hand until I put Your enemies underneath Your feet''? 45 If then David calls Him Lord, how is He his son?
46 And no one was able to answer Him a word, nor did anyone from that day dare to question Him anymore.
Mark 12:35 And Jesus, while He was teaching in the temple, answered and said, How is it that the scribes say that the Christ is the son of David? 36 David himself said in the Holy Spirit, ``The Lord said to my Lord, Sit at My right hand until I put Your enemies underneath Your feet.'' 37 David himself calls Him Lord, and how is He his son? And the great crowd heard Him gladly.
Luke 20:41 And He said to them, How is it that they say that the Christ is David's son? 42 For David himself says in the book of Psalms, ``The Lord said to my Lord, Sit at My right hand, 43 Until I place Your enemies as a footstool for Your feet.'' 44 David therefore calls Him Lord, and how is He his son?
Matthew 26:64 Jesus said to him, You have said rightly. Nevertheless I say to you, From now on you will see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand of Power and coming on the clouds of heaven.
Mark 14:62 And Jesus said, I am. And you shall see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand of Power
and coming with the
clouds of heaven.
But from now on the Son of Man will be seated at the right hand of the power of God
So then the Lord Jesus, after speaking to them, was taken up into heaven and sat at the right hand of God
. 20 And they went out and preached everywhere, the Lord working with them and confirming the word by the
Men, brothers, I can say to you plainly concerning the patriarch David that he both deceased and was buried, and his tomb is among us until this day. 30 Therefore, being a prophet and knowing that God had sworn with an oath to him to seat One from the fruit of his loins upon his throne, 31 He, seeing this beforehand, spoke concerning the resurrection of the Christ, that neither was He abandoned to Hades, nor did His flesh see corruption. 32 This Jesus God has raised up, of which we all are witnesses. 33 Therefore having been exalted to the right hand of God and having received the promise of the Holy Spirit from the Father
, He has poured out this which you both see and hear. 34 For David did not ascend into the heavens, but he himself says, ``The Lord said to my Lord, Sit at My right hand 35 Until I set Your enemies as a footstool for Your feet.''
36 Therefore let all the house of Israel know assuredly that God has made Him both Lord and Christ, this Jesus whom you have crucified. 37 And when they heard this, they were pricked in their heart, and they said to Peter and the rest of the apostles, What should we do, brothers? 38 And Peter said to them, Repent and each one of you be baptized upon the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins,
and you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.
The God of our fathers has raised Jesus, whom you slew by hanging Him on a tree. 31 This One God has exalted to His right hand as Leader and Savior,
to give repentance to Israel and forgiveness of sins. 32 And we are witnesses of these things, and so is the Holy Spirit, whom God has given to those who obey Him
7:55 But being full of the Holy Spirit, he looked intently into heaven and saw the glory of God and
Jesus standing at the right hand of God; 56 And he said, Behold, I see the heavens opened up and
the Son of Man standing at the right
hand of God.
Roman 8:34 Who is he who condemns? It is Christ Jesus who died and, rather, who was raised, who is also at the right hand of God, who also intercedes for us.
1 Corinthians 15:24 Then the end, when He delivers up the kingdom to His God and Father, once He has abolished all rule and all authority and power. 25 For He must reign until God puts all His enemies under His feet
. 26 Death, the last enemy, is being abolished. 27 For He has subjected all things under His feet
. But when He says that all things are subjected, it is evident that all things are except Him who has subjected all things to Him. 28 And when all things have been subjected to Him, then the Son Himself also will be subjected to Him who has subjected all things to Him, that
God may be all in all.
Ephesians 1:20 Which He caused to operate in Christ in raising Him from the dead and seating Him at His right hand in the heavenlies, 21 Far above all rule and authority and power and lordship and every name that is named not only in this age but also in that which is to come; 22 And He subjected all things under His feet and gave Him to be Head over all things to the church, 23 Which is His Body, the fullness of the One who fills all in all.
Colossians 3:1 If therefore you were
raised together with Christ, seek the things which are above,
where Christ is, sitting at the
right hand of God.
Has at the last of these days spoken to us in the Son, whom He appointed Heir of all things, through whom also He made the universe; 3 Who, being the effulgence of His glory and the impress of His substance and upholding and bearing all things by the word of His power, having made purification of sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high
; 4 Having become as much better than the angels as to have inherited a more distinguished name than they. 5 For to which of the angels has He ever said, ``You are My Son; this day have I begotten You'
'? And again, ``I will be a Father to Him, and He will be a Son to Me''?
13 But to which of the angels has He ever said, ``Sit at My right hand until I set Your enemies as a footstool for Your feet''?
2:6 For one has solemnly testified somewhere, saying, ``What is man, that You bring him to mind? Or the son of man, that You care for him? 7 You have made Him a little inferior to the angels; You have crowned Him with glory and honor and have set Him over the works of Your hands; 8 You have subjected all things under His feet .'' For in subjecting all things to Him, He left nothing unsubject to Him. But now we do not yet see all things subjected to Him, 9 But we see Jesus, who was made a little inferior to the angels because of the suffering of death, crowned with glory and honor, so that by the grace of God He might taste death on behalf of everything.
7:28 For the law establishes men as high priests who have weakness, but the word of the oath, which was after the law, establishes the Son, perfected forever. 8:1 Now in the things which are being said the chief point is this: We have
such a High Priest, who sat down on the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in the heavens
10:11 And every priest stands daily, ministering and offering often the same sacrifices, which can never remove sins; 12 But this One, having offered one sacrifice for sins, sat down forever on the right hand of God, 13 Henceforth waiting until His enemies are made the footstool for His feet. 14 For by one offering He has perfected forever those who are being sanctified.
12:2 Looking away unto Jesus, the Author and Perfecter of our faith, who for the joy set before Him endured the cross, despising the shame, and has sat down on the right hand of the throne of God.
1 Peter 3:21 Which water, as the antitype, also now saves you, that is, baptism, not a putting away of the filth of the flesh but the appeal of a good conscience unto God, through the resurrection of Jesus Christ, 22 Who is at the right hand of God, having gone into heaven, angels and authorities and powers being subjected to Him.
«of David, a Psalm.» The earth is the LORD’S, and the fullness thereof; the world, and they that dwell therein.
40:1 «To the overcomer, of David, a Psalm.» I waited patiently for the LORD; and he inclined unto me, and heard my cry.
68:1 «To the overcomer, of David, a Psalm, a Song.» Let God arise, let his enemies be scattered: let them also that hate him flee before him.
101:1 «of David, a Psalm .» I will sing of mercy and judgment: unto thee, O LORD, will I sing.
109:1 «To the overcomer, of David, a Psalm.» Hold not thy peace, O God of my praise;
139:1 «To the overcomer, of David, a Psalm.» O LORD, thou hast searched me, and known me.
And immediately he proclaimed Jesus in the synagogues, that this One is the Son of God. 21 And all who heard him were amazed and said, Is this not the one who ravaged those who call upon this name in Jerusalem and came here for this, that he might bring them bound before the chief priests? 22 But Saul was all the more empowered, and he confounded the Jews dwelling in Damascus by proving that this One is the Christ
17:1 And they traveled through Amphipolis and Apollonia and came to Thessalonica, where there was a synagogue of the Jews. 2 And according to his custom Paul went in to them, and on three Sabbaths he reasoned with them from the Scriptures, 3 Opening and setting before them that the Christ had to suffer and rise from the dead, and saying, This is the Christ , the Jesus whom I announce to you. 4 And some of them were persuaded and were joined to Paul and Silas, as well as a great multitude of the devout Greeks, and of the chief women not a few.
26:22 Having therefore obtained the help which is from God, I have stood unto this day, testifying both to small and great, saying nothing apart from the things which both the prophets and Moses have said would take place, 23 That the Christ would suffer and that He, being the first to rise from the dead, would announce light both to the people and to the Gentiles.
But you have come forward to Mount Zion
and to the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem; and to myriads of angels, to the universal gathering; 23 And to the church of the firstborn, who have been enrolled in the heavens; and to God, the Judge of all; and to the spirits of righteous men who have been made perfect; 24 And to Jesus, the Mediator of a new covenant; and to the blood of sprinkling, which speaks something better than that of Abel.
Romans 11:25 For I do not want you, brothers, to be ignorant of this mystery (lest you be wise in yourselves), that hardness has come upon Israel in part, until the fullness of the Gentiles comes in; 26 And thus all Israel will be saved, as it is written, ``The Deliverer will come out of Zion ; He will turn away ungodliness from Jacob. 27 And this is the covenant from Me with them, when I take away their sins.''
Revelation 17:14 These will make war with the Lamb
, and the Lamb will overcome them, for He is Lord of lords and King of kings; and they who are with Him, the called and chosen and faithful, will also overcome them
19:11 And I saw heaven opened, and behold, a white horse, and He who sits on it called Faithful and True, and in righteousness He judges and makes war. 12 And His eyes are a flame of fire, and on His head are many diadems, and He has a name written which no one knows but Himself. 13 And He is clothed with a garment dipped in blood; and His name is called the Word of God. 14 And the armies which are in heaven followed Him on white horses, dressed in fine linen, white and clean. 15 And out of His mouth proceeds a sharp sword, that with it He might smite the nations; and He will shepherd them with an iron rod; and He treads the winepress of the fury of the wrath of God the Almighty. 16 And He has on His garment and on His thigh a name written, KING OF KINGS AND LORD OF LORDS.
1 Thessalonians 3:12 And the Lord cause you to increase and abound in love to one another and to all, just as we also to you, 13 So that He may establish your hearts blameless in holiness before our God and Father at the coming of our Lord Jesus with all His saints.
2Thessalonians 2:1 Now we ask you, brothers, with regard to the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ and our gathering together to Him,
Jude 14 And Enoch, the seventh from Adam, prophesied also of these, saying, Behold, the Lord came with myriads of His saints 15 To execute judgment against all and to convict all the ungodly concerning all their ungodly works which they have done in ungodliness, and concerning all the hard things which ungodly sinners have spoken against Him.
Zechariah 14:1 Behold, the day of the LORD cometh, and thy spoil shall be divided in the midst of thee.
2 For I will gather all nations against Jerusalem to battle; and the city shall be taken, and the houses rifled, and the women ravished; and half of the city shall go forth into captivity, and the residue of the people shall not be cut off from the city.
3 Then shall the LORD go forth, and fight against those nations, as when he fought in the day of battle.
4 And his feet shall stand in that day upon the mount of Olives, which is before Jerusalem on the east, and the mount of Olives shall cleave in the midst thereof toward the east and toward the west, and there shall be a very great valley; and half of the mountain shall remove toward the north, and half of it toward the south.
5 And ye shall flee to the valley of the mountains; for the valley of the mountains shall reach unto Azal: yea, ye shall flee, like as ye fled from before the earthquake in the days of Uzziah king of Judah: and the LORD my God shall come, and all the saints with thee.
12:8 (AV) In that day shall the LORD defend the inhabitants of Jerusalem; and he that stumbles among them at that day shall be as David; and the house of David shall be as God, as the angel of the LORD before them.
That God has fully fulfilled this promise to us their children in raising up Jesus, as it is also written in the second Psalm, "You are My Son; today I have begotten You
Psalm 2:7 I will recount the decree,
Jehovah said unto Me,
Thou art My Son; this day have I begotten Thee.
So also Christ did not glorify Himself in becoming a High Priest, but it was He who said to Him , ``You are My Son; this day have I begotten You
''; 6 Even as also in another place He says, ``You are a Priest forever according to the order of Melchizedek
And He is the Head of the Body, the church; He is the beginning, the Firstborn from the dead
, that He Himself might have the first place in all things;
Revelation 1:5 And from Jesus Christ, the faithful Witness, the Firstborn of the dead, and the Ruler of the kings of the earth. To Him who loves us and has released us from our sins by His blood.
But if the Spirit of him that has raised up Jesus from among the dead dwell in you, he that has raised up Christ from among the dead shall quicken your mortal bodies also on account of his Spirit which dwells in you.
but the Comforter, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name
, He shall teach you all things, and will bring to your remembrance all the things which I have said to you.
15:26 But when the Comforter is come, whom I will send to you from the Father, the Spirit of truth who goes forth from with the Father, He shall bear witness concerning Me;
I exhort you therefore, brothers, through the compassions of God to present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, well pleasing to God
, which is your reasonable service. 2 And do not be fashioned according to this age, but be transformed by the renewing of the mind that you may prove what the will of God is, that which is good and well pleasing and perfect. 3 For I say, through the grace given to me, to every one who is among you, not to think more highly of himself than he ought to think, but to think so as to be sober-minded, as God has apportioned to each a measure of faith. 4 For just as in one body we have many members, and all the members do not have the same function, 5 So we who are many are one body in Christ, and individually members one of another. 6 And having gifts that differ according to the grace given to us, whether prophecy, let us prophesy according to the proportion of faith;
1Chronicles 29:5 The gold for things of gold, and the silver for things of silver, and for all manner of work to be made by the hands of artificers. And who then is willing to consecrate his service this day unto the LORD? 6 Then the chief of the fathers and princes of the tribes of Israel, and the captains of thousands and of hundreds, with the rulers of the king’s work, offered willingly,
9 Then the people rejoiced, for that they offered willingly, because with perfect heart they offered willingly to the LORD: and David the king also rejoiced with great joy.
14 But who am I, and what is my people, that we should be able to offer so willingly after this sort? for all things come of thee, and of thine own have we given thee.
17 I know also, my God, that thou triest the heart, and hast pleasure in uprightness. As for me, in the uprightness of mine heart I have willingly offered all these things: and now have I seen with joy thy people, which are present here, to offer willingly unto thee.
Romans 6:11 So also you, reckon yourselves to be dead to sin, but living to God in Christ Jesus. 12 Do not let sin therefore reign in your mortal body so that you obey the body's lusts; 13 Neither present your members as weapons of unrighteousness to sin, but present yourselves to God as alive from the dead, and your members as weapons of righteousness to God. 14 For sin will not lord it over you, for you are not under the law but under grace.
15 What then? Should we sin, because we are not under the law but under grace? Absolutely not! 16 Do you not know that to whom you present yourselves as slaves for obedience, his slaves you are whom you obey, whether of sin unto death or of obedience unto righteousness? 17 But thanks be to God that though you were slaves of sin, you have obeyed from the heart the form of teaching into which you were delivered. 18 And having been freed from sin, you were enslaved to righteousness. 19 I speak in human terms because of the weakness of your flesh. For just as you presented your members as slaves to uncleanness and lawlessness unto lawlessness, so now present your members as slaves to righteousness unto sanctification.
Exodus 25:2 Speak unto the children of Israel, that they bring me an offering: of every man that giveth it willingly with his heart ye shall take my offering.
35:21 And they came, every one whose heart stirred him up, and every one whom his spirit made willing, and they brought the LORD’S offering to the work of the tabernacle of the congregation, and for all his service, and for the holy garments.
29 The children of Israel brought a willing offering unto the LORD, every man and woman, whose heart made them willing to bring for all manner of work, which the LORD had commanded to be made by the hand of Moses.
Judges 5:2 Praise ye the LORD for the avenging of Israel, when the people willingly offered themselves.
9 My heart is toward the governors of Israel, that offered themselves willingly among the people. Bless ye the LORD.
2Chronicles 17:16 And next him was Amasiah the son of Zichri, who willingly offered himself unto the LORD; and with him two hundred thousand mighty men of valor.
Ezra 1:6 And all they that were about them strengthened their hands with vessels of silver, with gold, with goods, and with beasts, and with precious things, beside all that was willingly offered.
2:68 And some of the chief of the fathers, when they came to the house of the LORD which is at Jerusalem, offered freely for the house of God to set it up in his place:
3:5 And afterward offered the continual burnt offering, both of the new moons, and of all the set feasts of the LORD that were consecrated, and of every one that willingly offered a freewill offering unto the LORD.
Nehemiah 11:2 And the people blessed all the men, that willingly offered themselves to dwell at Jerusalem.
For if because of food your brother is wounded, you no longer walk according to love. Do not destroy by your food that man for whom Christ died. 16 Therefore do not let your good be slandered; 17 For the kingdom of God is not eating and drinking, but righteousness and peace and joy in the Holy Spirit. 18 For he who serves Christ in this is well pleasing to God and approved by men
. 19 So then let us pursue the things of peace and the things for building up one
That I might be a minister of Christ Jesus to the Gentiles, a laboring priest of the gospel of God, in order that the offering of the Gentiles might be acceptable, having been sanctified in the Holy Spirit
Philippians 2:17 But even if I am being poured out as a drink offering upon the sacrifice and service of your faith, I rejoice, and I rejoice together with you all. 18 And in like manner you also rejoice, and you rejoice together with me.
4:18 But I have received in full all things and abound; I have been filled, receiving from Epaphroditus the things from you, a sweet-smelling savor, an acceptable sacrifice , well-pleasing to God.
1Peter 2:5 You yourselves also, as living stones, are being built up as a spiritual house into a holy priesthood to offer up spiritual sacrifices acceptable to God through Jesus Christ.
Hebrews 13:15 Through Him then let us offer up a sacrifice of praise continually to God, that is, the fruit of lips confessing His name. 16 But do not forget doing good and sharing with others, for with such sacrifices God is well pleased.
And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion
over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth.
28 And God blessed them, and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it: and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth.
As the dew of Hermon, and as the dew that descended upon the mountains of Zion: for there the LORD commanded the blessing, even life for evermore
Hosea 14:5 I will be as the dew unto Israel: he shall grow as the lily, and cast forth his roots as Lebanon.
Deuteronomy 32:2 My doctrine shall drop as the rain, my speech shall distill as the dew, as the small rain upon the tender herb, and as the showers upon the grass:
33:13 And of Joseph he said, Blessed of the LORD be his land, for the precious things of heaven, for the dew, and for the deep that couches beneath,
33:28 Israel then shall dwell in safety alone: the fountain of Jacob shall be upon a land of corn and wine; also his heavens shall drop down dew.
Job 38:25 Who hath divided a watercourse for the overflowing of waters, or a way for the lightning of thunder; 26 To cause it to rain on the earth, where no man is; on the wilderness, wherein there is no man; 27 To satisfy the desolate and waste ground; and to cause the bud of the tender herb to spring forth? 28 Hath the rain a father? or who hath begotten the drops of dew? 29 Out of whose womb came the ice? and the hoary frost of heaven, who hath gendered it? 30 The waters are hid as with a stone, and the face of the deep is frozen.
Proverbs 19:12 The king’s wrath is as the roaring of a lion; but his favor is as dew upon the grass.
Micah 5:7 And the remnant of Jacob shall be in the midst of many people as a dew from the LORD, as the showers upon the grass, that tarries not for man, nor waits for the sons of men.
For it is impossible for those who have once been enlightened and have tasted of the heavenly gift and have become partakers of the Holy Spirit 5 And have tasted the good word of God and the powers of the age to come
For God, when He made the promise to Abraham, since He could swear by no one greater, swore by Himself, 14 Saying, ``Surely blessing, I will bless you; and multiplying, I will multiply you.'' 15 And thus when Abraham had patiently endured, he obtained the promise. 16 For men swear by the greater, and for all disputes among them an oath is final for confirmation. 17 Therefore God, intending to show more abundantly to the heirs of the promise the unchangeableness of His counsel, interposed with an oath, 18 In order that by two unchangeable things, in which it was impossible for God to lie, we may have strong encouragement, we who have fled for refuge to lay hold of the hope set before us
, 19 Which we have as an anchor of the soul, both secure and firm and which enters within the veil,
For this Melchizedek, king of Salem, priest of the most high God, who met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings and blessed him , 2 To whom also Abraham apportioned a tenth part of all; first being interpreted king of righteousness, and then also king of Salem, which is king of peace; 3 Being without father, without mother, without genealogy; having neither beginning of days nor end of life, but likened to the Son of God, abides a priest perpetually. 4 And consider how great this one was, to whom the patriarch Abraham gave a tenth of the choice spoils.
5 And they of the sons of Levi, who received the priestly service, have a commandment to take tithes from the people according to the law, that is, from their brothers, though they have come forth from the loins of Abraham. 6 But he whose genealogy is not counted from them has taken tithes from Abraham and has blessed him who has the promises. 7 But without any dispute the lesser is blessed by the greater. 8 And here men, who die, receive tithes; but there, one of whom it is testified that he lives. 9 And, so to speak, through Abraham, Levi also, he who receives tithes, has been made to pay tithes, 10 For he was still in the loins of his father when Melchizedek met him .
For since the priesthood is transferred, of necessity there comes into being a transfer of law also.
Who has been appointed not according to the law of a fleshy commandment but according to the power of an indestructible life. 17 For it is testified, ``You are a Priest forever
according to the order of Melchizedek.''
18 For there is, on the one hand, the setting aside of the preceding commandment because of its weakness and unprofitableness 19 (For the law perfected nothing), and, on the other hand, the bringing in thereupon of a better hope,
through which we draw near to God.
And inasmuch as He was not made a Priest without the taking of an oath 21 (For they are appointed priests without the taking of an oath, but He , with the taking of an oath by Him who said to Him , ``The Lord has sworn and will not regret it, You are a Priest forever'')
, 22 By so much Jesus has also become the surety of a better covenant.
23 And they are appointed priests many in number because death prevents them from continuing; 24 But He , because He abides forever, has His priesthood unalterable
. 25 Hence also He is able to save to the uttermost those who come forward to God through Him , since He lives always to intercede for them
But now He has obtained a more excellent ministry inasmuch as He is also the Mediator of a better covenant, which has been enacted upon better promises. 7 For if that first covenant had been faultless, no place would have been sought for a second. 8 For finding fault with them He says, "Behold, the days are coming, says the Lord, and I will consummate a new covenant upon the house of Israel and upon the house of Judah, 9 Not according to the covenant which I made with their fathers in the day when I took them by their hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt, because they did not continue in My covenant, and I disregarded them, says the Lord. 10 For this is the covenant which I will covenant with the house of Israel after those days, says the Lord: I will impart My laws into their mind, and on their hearts I will inscribe them; and I will be God to them, and they will be a people to Me. 11 And they shall by no means each teach his fellow citizen and each his brother, saying, Know the Lord; for all will know Me from the little one to the great one among them. 12 For I will be propitious to their unrighteousnesses, and their sins I shall by no means remember anymore.'' 13 In saying, A new covenant, He has made the first old. But that which is becoming old and growing decrepit is near to disappearing.
And there went out the king of Sodom, and the king of Gomorrah, and the king of Admah, and the king of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela (the same is Zoar;) and they joined battle with them in the vale of Siddim; 9 With Chedorlaomer the king of Elam, and with Tidal king of nations, and Amraphel king of Shinar, and Arioch king of Ellasar; four kings with five. 10 And the vale of Siddim was full of slimepits; and the kings of Sodom and Gomorrah fled, and fell there; and they that remained fled to the mountain. 11 And they took all the goods of Sodom and Gomorrah, and all their victuals, and went their way. 12 And they took Lot, Abram’s brother’s son, who dwelt in Sodom, and his goods, and departed.
13 And there came one that had escaped, and told Abram the Hebrew; for he dwelt in the plain of Mamre the Amorite, brother of Eshcol, and brother of Aner: and these were confederate with Abram. 14 And when Abram heard that his brother was taken captive, he armed his trained servants, born in his own house, three hundred and eighteen, and pursued them unto Dan. 15 And he divided himself against them, he and his servants, by night, and smote them, and pursued them unto Hobah, which is on the left hand of Damascus. 16 And he brought back all the goods, and also brought again his brother Lot, and his goods, and the women also, and the people.
17 And the king of Sodom went out to meet him after his return from the slaughter of Chedorlaomer, and of the kings that were with him, at the valley of Shaveh, which is the king’s dale.
18 And Melchizedek king of Salem brought forth bread and wine: and he was the priest of the most high God. 19 And he blessed him, and said, Blessed be Abram of the most high God, possessor of heaven and earth: 20 And blessed be the most high God, which hath delivered thine enemies into thy hand. And he gave him tithes of all.
and speak unto him, saying, Thus speaketh Jehovah of hosts, saying, Behold a man whose name is the Branch; and he shall branch out from his own place, and he shall build the temple of Jehovah:
13 even he shall build the temple of Jehovah; and he shall bear the glory, and shall sit and rule upon his throne; and he shall be a priest upon his throne; and the counsel of peace shall be between them both.
14 And the crowns shall be for Helem, and for Tobijah, and for Jedaiah, and for Hen the son of Zephaniah, for a memorial in the temple of Jehovah.
15 And they that are far off shall come and build at the temple of Jehovah: and ye shall know that Jehovah of hosts hath sent me unto you. And this shall come to pass, if ye will diligently hearken to the voice of Jehovah your God.
Ps 16:7 I'll bless the Lord who's giv'n to me
counsel. My reins also
in the night seasons correct me.
8 I've set the Lord before me
always for He has proved,
because He's at my right hand
I never shall be moved.
Acts 2:25 For David speaketh concerning him, I foresaw the Lord always before my face, for he is on my right hand, that I should not be moved:
Ps 73:23 Nevertheless I'm always with Thee.
You my right hand hold continually.
24 With Your counsel You ever guide me,
then receive to glory!
25 Whom do I have in heav'n but Thee?
I none on earth desire but Thee.
26 My flesh and heart, they're failing me.
God's the Rock of my heart.
And my portion forever is He.
109:31 (AV) For he shall stand at the right hand of the poor, to save him from those that condemn his soul.
121:1 «A Song of degrees.» I will lift up mine eyes unto the hills, from whence cometh my help.
2 My help cometh from the LORD, which made heaven and earth.
3 He will not suffer thy foot to be moved: he that keepeth thee will not slumber.
4 Behold, he that keepeth Israel shall neither slumber nor sleep.
5 The LORD is thy keeper: the LORD is thy shade upon thy right hand.
And he showed me a river of water of life,
bright as crystal, proceeding out of the throne of God and of the Lamb in the middle of its street
Do not let your heart be troubled; believe into God, believe also into Me. 2 In My Father's house are many abodes; if it were not so, I would have told you; for I go to prepare a place for you. 3 And if I go and prepare a place for you, I am coming again and will receive you to Myself, so that where I am you also may be. 4 And where I am going you know the way. 5 Thomas said to Him, Lord, we do not know where You are going; how can we know the way? 6 Jesus said to him, I am the way
and the reality and the life; no one comes to the Father except through Me. 7 If you had known Me, you would have known My Father also; and henceforth you know Him and have seen Him. 8 Philip said to Him, Lord, show us the Father and it is sufficient for us. 9 Jesus said to him, Have I been so long a time with you, and you have not known Me, Philip? He who has seen Me has seen the Father; how is it that you say, Show us the Father? 10 Do you not believe that I am in the Father and the Father is in Me? The words that I say to you I do not speak from Myself, but the Father who abides in Me does His works. 11 Believe Me that I am in the Father and the Father is in Me; but if not, believe because of the works themselves. 12 Truly, truly, I say to you, He who believes into Me, the works which I do he shall do also; and greater than these he shall do because I am going to the Father. 13 And whatever you ask in My name, that I will do, that the Father may be glorified in the Son. 14 If you ask Me anything in My name, I will do it.
Making known to us the mystery of His will according to His good pleasure, which He purposed in Himself, 10 Unto the economy of the fullness of the times, to head up all things in Christ
, the things in the heavens and the things on the earth, in Him;
20 Which He caused to operate in Christ in raising Him from the dead and seating Him at His right hand in the heavenlies, 21 Far above all rule and authority and power and lordship and every name that is named not only in this age but also in that which is to come; 22 And He subjected all things under His feet and gave Him to be Head over all things to the church, 23 Which is His Body, the fullness of the One who fills all in all.
Colossians 1:18 And He is the Head of the Body, the church; He is the beginning, the Firstborn from the dead, that He Himself might have the first place in all things;
2:19 And not holding the Head , out from whom all the Body, being richly supplied and knit together by means of the joints and sinews, grows with the growth of God.
Acts 4:11 This is the stone which was considered as nothing by you, the builders, which has become the head of the corner.
Psalm 118:22 The stone [which] the builders refused is become the head [stone] of the corner. 23 This is the LORD'S doing; it [is] marvelous in our eyes.
2 Thessalonians 2:8
And then the lawless one will be revealed (whom the Lord Jesus will slay by the breath of His mouth and bring to nothing by the manifestation of His coming), 9 The coming of whom is according to Satan's operation in all power and signs and wonders of a lie 10 And in all deceit of unrighteousness among those who are perishing, because they did not receive the love of the truth that they might be saved. 11 And because of this God sends to them an operation of error that they might believe the lie, 12 So that all who have not believed the truth but have taken pleasure in unrighteousness might be judged.
Ps 32: 8 I will cause you to understand
this way you will go through.
I'll direct you and counsel you.
My eye is upon you.
9 Be not as the horse, as the mule,
without the discerning,
whose mouth must be bound with bridle,
or they won't come near thee.
34:13 Keep your tongue
and thy lips
from speaking guile.
14 Depart from evil,
and do good.
and pursue it.
37:3 Trust in the Lord,
and do good.
Stay in the land
and feed on faith,
4 and delight yourself
in the Lord,
and He will give you
the requests of your heart.
5 Roll your way
upon the Lord,
and trust in Him
and He will act,
6 and He shall bring forth
Your righteousness as light
and your judgment
as the noonday.
7 Be still in the Lord,
and wait enduringly for Him.
Do not be incensed
at him who prospers in his way,
because of the man
who brings wicked devices to pass.
8 Drop anger,
and forsake wrath.
Do not be incensed.
It leads only to evil.
10 Yet a little while,
and the wicked shall not be,
and you won't find him
though you diligently search,
27 Depart from evil
and do good,
34 Wait on the Lord,
and keep His way,
and He will exalt you
to inherit the earth.
When the wicked are cut off,
You shall see it.
37 Watch the perfect man,
and see the upright,
for the end of
that man is peace.
50:14 Offer to God thanksgiving.
And pay your vows,
unto the most High
15 And call on Me,
in the day of trouble.
I will deliver thee.
Also shall ye glorify Me,
And they will fall by the edge of the sword and will be led captive into all the nations; and Jerusalem will be trampled by the Gentiles until the times of the Gentiles are fulfilled.
Romans 11:25 For I do not want you, brothers, to be ignorant of this mystery (lest you be wise in yourselves), that hardness has come upon Israel in part, until the fullness of the Gentiles comes in;
26 And thus all Israel will be saved, as it is written, ``The Deliverer will come out of Zion; He will turn away ungodliness from Jacob. 27 And this is the covenant
from Me with them, when I take away their sins.''
3:4 For the children of Israel shall abide many days without a king, and without a prince, and without a sacrifice, and without an image, and without an ephod, and [ without ] teraphim: 5 Afterward shall the children of Israel return, and seek the LORD their God, and David their king; and shall fear the LORD and his goodness
in the latter days.
6:1 Come, and let us return unto the LORD: for he hath torn, and he will heal us; he hath smitten, and he will bind us up. 2 After two days will he revive us: in the third day he will raise us up, and we shall live in his sight. 3 Then shall we know, [if] we follow on to know the LORD: his going forth is prepared as the morning; and he shall come unto us as the rain, as the latter [and] former rain unto the earth.
Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself likewise took part of the same; that through death he might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the devil;
15 And deliver them who through fear of death were all their lifetime subject to bondage.
Thy dead, My dead body, shall live. They shall arise. Awake and sing in triumph, ye that dwell in dust; for thy dew is the dew of lights
, but the earth shall cause the Rephaim to fall..
Ephesians 5:13 But all things having their true character exposed by the light are made manifest; for that which makes everything manifest is light.
14 Wherefore he says, Wake up, thou that sleepest, and arise up from among the dead, and the Christ shall shine upon thee.
-copyright Steve Miller 4/22/10